What is ''active management of labor'' then?

Active management. The active management of labor was pioneered by k o'driscoll in 1969, as a means of reducing the number of prolonged labors.
Speeding up labor. The 'active management of labor' emerged in the 1990's when it was found that women who had their labors managed to deliver faster had fewer infections, bleeding and c-sections than women who were allowed to labor without any medical interventions. It usually means breaking the water and starting Pitocin (oxytocin) quickly when women enter labor. It is not univerally accepted as a way of practice.