Is it safe to give newborns vitamin k?

Yes. Vitamin k helps the newborn to gain the ability to have normal coagulation. This has been shown to significantly decrease the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage of the newborn. Because its a shot, many parents do not want to give it but the risk of not giving it can be significant.
Yes. The human newborn does not have the ability to clot normally (without the shot) until about 8 days of age. This begins naturally after normal gut bacteria are acquired through feeding and help convert vitamin ingested K to an active form. The shot gives them a boost that protects them for the first weeks & decreased brain bleeds from birth trauma.
Yes. Rare cases of vitamin k have been reported which is apparently due to a deficiency in the mother. The vitamin is non-toxic and if your newborn has bleeding, your first step should be to go quickly to your pediatrician for diagnosis since there are more common disorders of bleeding.

Related Questions

Is vitamin K recommended to give to newborns?

Yes. Vitamin k helps us clot out blood and dietary vitamin k requires the help of gut bacteria to become active and helpful. It is routinely given to newborns as a preventative measure, it helps prevent brain and other hemorrhages that may occur in a limited number of newborns. By several weeks of age, untreated babies have acquired enough gut bacteria to utilize their dietary k for this need. Read more...

Can I give a newborn in canada vitamin K orally?

Yes, but not best. Although a parent can refuse vitamin k by injection (shot) for their newborn, the pediatric and family practice societies of both canada and the United States strongly recommend this approach, since studies have shown that it is the most effective way to protect a baby from hemorrhagic disease. If a shot is refused, then a series of three oral doses, given during the first 8 weeks, is recommended. Read more...

What is the rationale for injecting vitamin K to newborn`s thigh?

Stop bleeding. Newborns do not have adequate vitamin k at birth which is necessary for proper clotting of the blood. This injection serves as a prophylactic against bleeding episodes of the newborn. Read more...
See below. It is used to prevent hemalytic disease of the newborn. Read more...
2 things. The thigh is the best muscle mass to accept the shot. The newborn has just gone through the trauma of a delivery and will not clot its blood adequately until 8 days or later without the shot. Early in the use of CT scans they found as many as 3% of infants had small intracranial bleeds thought to represent birth trauma. The shot is a an insurance against extending a bleed with significant damage. Read more...

Are vitamin K and erythomycin eye oinment mandatory for newborns?

Yes for vitamin K. A significant bleeding condition in newborns known as "hemorrhagic disease of newborn" has been eliminated by universal vitamin k administration. Erythromycin eye ointment has been applied to protect newborn's eye from catching chlamydia infection. Read more...