Exercise. The best treatment for intermittent claudication is a supervised daily exercise program. This typically involves 30 minutes of daily walking. It has been proven that this alone will increase people's distance walked / endurance. In addition best medical management involves a daily Aspirin and a statin to lower the LDL cholesterol to levels < 100. No surgery unless symptoms are disabling.
Son't forget smoking. In addition to the things that dr. Aalami mentioned, if you smoke, you must quit.
Stop smoking. And also see a vascular specialist to get duplex ultrasound scan of leg. Your physician can advise you regarding further work up such as ct scan or angiogram. Staying active and walking helps by building collateral vessels, so scheduled exercise helps. Pletal taken twice daily has been shown to help certain percentage of individuals.
No. Restless leg is an uncomfortable sensation in the legs, usually at rest; no exact cause is known although certain conditions are associated or increase risk. Intermittent claudication is discomfort or pain usually brought on by activity and relieved by rest; most commonly due to poor arterial blood flow (peripheral vascular disease).
No. Restless leg syndrome occurs at night while asleep. Claudication occurs while walking.
Restless legs. Restless legs is more often related to vein disease or a neurological issue claudication is related to arterial insufficiency where there is inadequate blood flow to supply the leg with activity leading to calf discomfort.
Many. Calf muscle pain can be caused by many different conditions besides claudication. To name an additional few: pinched nerve coming from the spine, muscle strain, nocturnal leg cramps, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, blood clot. And others. Discuss with your md to evaluate further.