What is fetal alcohol syndrome?

Long-term problems. Alcohol can damage a baby's developing brain resulting in a long-lasting pattern of cognitive, learning, emotional, social, and behavioral problems. These problems can be difficult to treat if one isn't aware of the background of prenatal alcohol exposure. However help is available and the earlier a child gets appropriate treatment the better the long-term prognosis.
Fetal Alcohol Syn- drome is the most severe of the Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Alcohol is a teratogen, a drug that interferes with fetal development & can cause birth defects. From 3 weeks after conception, having 4 or more standard drinks- 12 oz. beer, 3-4 oz. wine, 1.5 oz. spirits- over a few hrs. can damage the fetal brain & other organs as they form & develop. See http://fasdcenter.samhsa.gov for more.
Congenital problem. If the developing baby is exposed to excess alcohol then it can develop abnormalities in brain function as well as facial development. People with fetal alcohol syndrome can also have emotional difficulties. No one really knows how much alcohol is too much for the baby so we generally advise pregnant women to avoid alcohol.

Related Questions

Could you explain what is fetal alcohol syndrome?

Toxic effect. When ethanol is broken down in the body, byproducts including acetaldehyde can have a direct toxic effect on tissue formation.(face, heart, nerves) there is some suggestion that some are genetically more susceptible than others. The severity of FAS correlates directly with the intensity of alcohol exposure so mothers that drink more have babies with more problems. Read more...

What are the fetal alcohol syndrome and effects. My 4 year old step son is in need of help.?

Many findings. Most of the features of FAS are variable. Growth is diminished. Growth lag is permanent. Birth weight is decreased. Infant irritable.Fas child hyperactive. Fine motor skills impaired with weak grasp, poor hand-eye coordination, and tremors.Intelligence diminished with average iq in the 60s. Microcephaly, short eye openings sunken nasal bridge, short nose, flattening of the cheekbones. Read more...

What mutations cause fetal alcohol syndrome facial features in a baby or child, whose mother was a non-drinker?

Fetal alcohol. The deleterious effects of ethanol on the developing human brain are poorly understood. Here it is reported that ethanol, acting by a dual mechanism [blockade ofn-methyl-d-aspartate (nmda) glutamate receptors and excessive activation of gabaa receptors], triggers widespread apoptotic neurodegeneration in the developing rat forebrain. Vulnerability coincides with the period synaptogenesis. Read more...
First of all... ...Alcoholics frequently deny that they drink; so if there are features suggesting fas, you have to be sure the mother really is a non-drinker. That said, cornelia de lange syndrome, velocardiofacial syndrome (vcfs), & dubowitz syndrome - & probably others - share features with fas, though they are rarer. A precise diagnosis requires a thorough exam and lab testing by an expert in this field. Read more...

Need expert help here. What are the symptoms fetal alcohol syndrome?

FAS is one end of . The fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Geneticists ; other pediatric specialists diagnose FAS 1 by: history of prenatal exposure, prenatal ;/or post-natal growth failure, evidence of central nervous system damage ; characteristic facial features. See http://www.Fasdcenter.Samhsa.Gov for the range of physical, neurobehavioral ; neurodevelopmental findings ; how best to help a child with an fasd. Read more...

What chromosome can cause fetal alcohol syndrome?

Fetal alcohol. Not a gene to cause it. Just the amount of alcohol imbibed during the pregnancy that damage the fetus. Read more...
None. Alcohol converts into formaldehyde and other byproducts in the fetus and disrupts the growth/formation of cells.Effect depends on timing and quantity.The 1st FAS kids were described in the 50's to skid row moms, with major features.Now we know it to be one of the contributers to ADHD in even small amounts injested in pregnancy.Any kid with any genetic makeup can be effected by this toxic effect. Read more...

What is downs syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, high functioning autism, asperger's syndrome and what are the causes?

See below. Down's syndrome. A genetic defect that seems to occur with mother's who are older. Fetal alcohol syndrome: this is caused by excessive intake of alcohol during the pregnancy, especially the early part of pregnancy when the nervous system is developing. As to aspergers, no one is quite sure at this time. Read more...

What are the tests for fetal alcohol syndrome?

None specific. History of alcohol consumption during pregnancy, especially if mother is a known alcoholic. Maternal blood alcohol levels can be measured during pregnancy. Any alcohol level in baby after birth, which would indicate alcohol consumption by mother very close to onset or during labor. Some babies have a typical fetal alcohol face - see google. Later some psychological tests can be useful. Read more...
None exist. There is no lab test. There are only the pattern of damage left behind.The first reported cases (1950's) were born to alcoholics, more than half of whom died within a year from their disease.These initial kids defined the pattern of facial features, heart defects and learning problems seen. Over time, lesser intensity exposure in pregnancy were found to trigger similar problems at lesser degree. Read more...

What are the effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?

Prenatal &/or post- natal growth failure (of head & or body), characteristic facial features & evidence of some type of brain damage are criteria for FAS I, the most severe end of the spectrum. Read about impaired executive functions, ADHD, Intellectual Disability & other associated Neurobehavioral & medical disorders on www.fasdcenter.samhsa.gov. Seek Early Intervention from 0-3; Special Education from 3- 21. . Read more...

What sort of disorder is fetal alcohol syndrome?

Fetal alcohol sdr. It is associate with poor fetal growth and neurologycal problems. The main organ affected by alcohol is baby s brain. May have poor memory, low iq, drug addictions and so on.Alcohol definetely should be avoided in pregnancy. Read more...
Birth defects. When a woman consumes too much alcohol during pregnancy (usually defined as multiple alcoholic beverages a day) then the baby can be born with fetal alcohol syndrome. This includes facial deformities, poor growth, and mental retardation. The child can also have heart defects. It is recommended for a mother to abstain from all alcohol during pregnancy. Read more...
FAS. Fetal alcohol syndrome is a completely preventable set of physical, mental and neurobehavioral birth defects associated with alcohol consumption during pregnancy. No one should drink while they are pregnant because it can affect the child in so many way. If you google this, you will fine all kinds of information on the subject. Read more...
Alcohol/brain damage. Alcohol damages a baby's brain causing cognitive, emotional and behavior problems. Fetal alcohol syndrome (fas) can be diagnosed by looking at a child; alcohol related neurodevelopmental disorder (arnd) isn't something you can see but causes similar problems. We don't know how much it takes so no amount of alcohol should be considered safe. Drinking too much on just a few occasions can cause fas! Read more...
Toxic exposure. There are many agents that can produce recognizable patterns in a baby exposed during pregnancy. Fetal alcohol effect, first reported in the 1950's is likely the most common and diverse. From organ malformations to ADHD it varies based on time and intensity of exposure. Alcohol breaks down to formaldehyde and other byproducts that injure tissues. There is no level of exposure proven to be safe. Read more...