A heart exam!!! Any sports physical for a boy or girl should include a thorough clinal heart exam. The heart should be listened to sitting, lying down, lying on the left side, after jumping on one foot 25 times, squatting, squeezing examiners hand, as well as what has already been mentioned.
Same as boys. Sports physical exams screen patients to make sure it is safe to play. The general rule is that any health problems that are identified have been addressed and are under current treatment. Physical exam should confirm that there are no historic or current injuries that would preclude an athlete from play. A girls physical might include some additional questions regarding diet and menstruation.