What are the treatment options for malignant melanoma cancer?

Many. The treatment for melanoma involves removing the primary site with a margin depending on the depth of the melanoma. In addition for high risk lesion a sentinel lymph node biopsy is performed. If these lymph node contains melanoma the remainder of the lymph nodes are removed from that basin. Treatment for distant disease can involve surgery, chemotherapy and or immunotherapy.
Primarily surgery. Melanoma is primarily a surgical disease. Early stage tumors can be cured with surgical excision. More advanced tumors may require additional treatments, which may include chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiation.

Related Questions

Diagnosed- malignant melanoma 5/2017 Diagnosed - treated for anal cancer 5/2016. Pet scan done in March '16. If MM has spread, wouldn't PET scan show?

PET scan is a good t. PET scan is a good test to detect metastatic cancer. In fact it is our best imaging test to catch metastases early. Yet it has some limitations in that it can not show microscopic tumors/ small # of cells in the body...it only shows tumors that are bigger than half a centimeter (>5 mm). That is why this test has to be repeated every 3 to 4 months when there is a risk for the tumor to come back. Read more...

What is the best treatment for typical malignant melanoma?

Usually surgery. Assuming that the melanoma has not spread to other organs, the first treatment is to surgically remove the affected skin with a rim of normal skin. Then, certain patients will also need to have an operation to remove 1 or more lymph nodes depending on the spread. In select cases, melanoma that has spread to other organs is surgically removed. Other patients will need chemotherapy and radiation. Read more...

Which treatment for vaginal malignant melanoma stage 2c is the very best?

Vaginal melanoma. You should visit the doctors at ucsf where they have a specialized clinic for situations such as yours. This is not something you get on the internet. Hope it works out for who you ask for. Read more...
No best treatment. Vaginal melanoma is considered mucosal disease and this type tends to spread via the blood to other organs in the body more readily. There is no known best treatment for stage iic. However, based on a recent study, chemotherapy with Cisplatin and temodar (temozolomide) every 3 weeks for 6 cycles are reasonable. However, enrolling in a clinical trial if available is the best option. Read more...

Hi, tell me a way to cure a malignant melanoma that has metastesised in two axillary lymph nodes? Chemo, radiation and surgery is not an option.

Cure? I'm not sure how to cure something without treating it. If you have decided not to have chemo, radiation, or surgery, you have essentially chosen to do nothing. Please go back to your surgeon or oncologist and reconsider your options. Read more...
Adjuvant therapy. Clinical trial will be an option- go to www.Clinicaltrials.Gov . For instance- a study using biological agent or a study to compare ipilimumab vs interferon for high risk melanoma are still open. Discuss with your oncologist possible option/clinical trials that would fit for your case. Read more...
Axillary dissection. First a metastatic work-up should be performed to determine if the melanoma has traveled to other locations in your body. This is performed with a chest/abd/pelvis ct scan, whole body pet scan, and a brain mri. In addition you should have the remaining lymph nodes in your axilla removed with an axillary dissection. Read more...
Limited options. Ask yourself why these are not options, and discuss with a surgical oncologist. Patients do very well after an axillary dissection and return to normal activities with the arm. You may be relying on incorrect information in making that decision. The most feared side effect, lymphedema, will likely occur anyway secondary to the cancer under the arm. Surgery alone may be curative. . Read more...

I have what looks like the beginning stages of malignant melanoma, but I can't be sure. I don't have health insurance. What are my options?

Free clinics. Look for free clinics around you. They could be affiliated to medical school/ or training program or affiliated to munincipal/public hospital/medical center. Read more...
Melanoma kill. Not sure what you mean by early stage. Early stage melanoma can not reliably diagnoses clinically. Pathologic diagnose is required. Once this is done, you and your doctor should know exactly what to do. Read more...

My mother passed in 2012 from malignant melanoma & my gma had the same removed in the 1970's. Should I be seeing a dermatologist? Male, 31y

Photoprotection. Sunscreen use is extremely important. Due to the family history its important that you see a dermatologist for a complete skin exam. Read more...
Recommended. I think it would be reasonable to see a dermatologist, particularly if you have light skin, hair, and eyes and have several moles on your body. Most melanomas are not genetic, but most do occur in people with fair skin. Read more...
See Dermatologist. You should see a board certified dermatologist for a thorough examination and mole mapping and should see them at periodical intervals (as recommended by them). Read more...
Yep. Having a family history of melanoma does increase your risk. You should limit your exposure to uv radiation, wear sunscreen regularly, never use a tanning bed, and see your friendly dermatologist for routine skin examinations. Read more...

Is it common to put oneself at risk for malignant melanoma of the skin?

Yes. Most skin cancers are related to excess sun exposure. Fortunately, despite how often we suffer significant sun damage, melanoma is uncommon. Read more...
Sun exposure. While i doubt anybody intentionally puts themselves at risk for any cancer, people with very fair, sun-sensitive, skin should be very careful about sun exposure as it could increase the chance they later develop skin cancers or melanoma. Read more...

Could a person take plexxikon if they have malignant melanoma, stage 4?

Studies are underway. There are studies currently underway of this drug in certain cases of stage IV melanoma. It is only available in a research studies, in certain locations, and only patients who meet strict entry criteria are eligible. Patients and families can find these studies listed at www.clinicaltrials.gov. Read more...