Rarely. Usually this only happens when the vision loss is very severe and has been there for months or years.
Indirectly they can. Cataracts are cloudy lenses; strabismus is misalignment of the eyes. Cataracts cannot misalign the eyes, but your brain requires equal and high-quality input from both eyes to focus the eyes together and keep them straight. Over time, blurred vision in one eye (e.g., cataract) more than the other may cause the blurred eye to drift (i.e., strabismus). Cataract surgery may reverse the strabismus.