What's an episiotomy?

Episiotomy. It is also known as perineotomy, a surgically planned incision on the perineum and the posterior vaginal wall during second stage of labor. The incision, which can be mid line or at an angle from the posterior end of the vulva, is performed under local anesthetic (pudendal anesthesia), and is sutured closed after delivery.
Cut on perineum. An episiotomy is a procedure whereby the doctor creates a cut along the perineum (the bottom part of the opening into the vagina) in order to make room for the baby to come out. It does not need to be performed routinely.