VSD. 20/1, 000 live births have bicuspid aortic valves, isolated anomalous lobar pulmonary veins or a silent patent ductus arteriosus. Chd is about 6/1, 000 live births (19/1, 000 live births if the potentially serious bicuspid aortic valve is included), and of all forms increases to 75/1, 000 live births if tiny muscular vsds present at birth and other small defecs included. Vsd=ventricular septal defects.
Many. From none to squatting, to shortness of breath, unable to pkay very long, to "clubbed fingers" = a sign, not a symptom.
Depends. Some of the heart diseases can be asymptomatic for a long time, another may present with symptoms on the 2-3 day of life. The most common early symptoms may be persistent cyanosis (blue hue) around the mouth, eyes, hands and feet, fatigue with a feeding, poor weight gain, decreased urine output, shortness of breath, - are some of them. They may come at the different time frame and not all together.
Variable. Cyanotic heart disease will present as blue color, not just hands and feet but all over. Other conditions symptoms may be fast breathing, poor feeding, slow weight gain. A murmur may be present and loud, or no murmur may be heard at all.
Malformation. The heart is a complex organ and an amazing one. About 1/2 to1% of live born infants have some form of defect ranging from minimal and self healing to major & life threatening. The process that forms the heart is influenced by a number of genes scattered within the child's dna. Recurrence risk within the same family of some form of defect is slightly elevated.
CAD. Atherosclerosis. Development of plaque.
What is the most common symptom or sign to lead a pediatrician to suspect? Congenital heart disease?
Murmur. A noise the blood makes as it flows through a narrow opening, your doc may suspect chd if newborn is having trouble breathing or oxegenating his blood.
Heart murmur. Auscultation of the heart and hearing a heart murmur is the most common thing that makes me suspect congenital heart disease. Fortunately, many of the serious cases are detected prior to birth with prenatal ultrasounds. That coupled with the advent of pulse oximetry screening of newborns will leave a little less for pediatricians to pick up on routine exams. But clinical exam is still important.
Possible. Anything is possible and I don't know anything at all about you. Thankfully, major congenital heart defects are rare.
Rare but possible. Infants can acquire a viral infection of the heart just like adults. That infection can damage/ weaken the heart muscle to the point of progressive heart failure or death.
It depends. It depends on how bad of heart failure symptoms you have. Heart failure specially if severe, can be dangerous both for mom and the baby.
Varies with defect. Some are minor and involve minimal impact on health or lifespan. Some are major & require many life threatening surgeries & a n altered limited lifestyle. The specific chd lesion is the most important factor followed by the availability of appropriate specialty care.
Too general. Chd represent a very wide array of cardiac defects. The prognosis is just as varied. Please clarify the diagnosis.
As any Baby. Any new born baby brings joy and stress to their new parents and family. You do not mention what type of congenital heart disease, as they vary in severity from very mild to very severe. The level of care an impact to the family dynamics will be affected depending on this. Surround yourself with a good base of support and a medical team to care for the medical aspect. Best of luck to you.