What are the typical treatments for a dislocated shoulder?

Depends... The treatment for shoulder dislocations varies based on the reason why the shoulder is dislocating. Some shoulders dislocate because the ligaments that hold the shoulder together are loose. Traumatic dislocations usually result in a ligament tear. The treatment of the loose shoulder may simply be physical therapy, whereas the person with a tear might require surgery.
Surgery. If the patient is young and has recurrent dislocations, generally surgical stabilization is recommended. In the older individual, who rarely dislocates, physical therapy might do the trick.
Shoulder instability. Depending on age, it would be reasonable to start with rest (in a sling), followed by strengthening exercises outlined by a physical therapist. You will want to avoid extremes of forward flexion and external rotation (hand behind your head) for a period of time. Surgery is needed if you continue to demonstrate instability or pain.

Related Questions

What is the typical recuperation time for a dislocated shoulder?

2-3 months. For first time simple shoulder dislocations after 2-3 months you can return to regular activities however further dislocations may occur. Also people over 40 with a first time dislocation need an MRI to make sure they don't have a rotator cuff tear. If there is pain feelings of a loose shoulder or multiple dislocations, then arthroscopic surgery may be needed. Read more...
4-6 weeks. But you should get an MRI to make sure your rotator cuff has not torn and to understand the extent of the ligament damage. Read more...

Do I have a dislocated shoulder if I can't throw without a weird loose sensation?

No. There can be many problems associated with a loose sensation such as labral tears, slap tears, biceps problem. A dislocation would keep you from moving the shoulder altogether. This is something that could not be easily diagnosed without being seen. Read more...
Not necessarily. You may have other damage i the shoulder, for example a labral tear. Or it could be something much less complex, like a tendinitis. See an orthopedic shoulder specialist for an accurate assessment. Read more...