Why is a bone marrow transplant such a painful surgery?

Nature of the beast. One's bones are not used to direct contact; which is why the procedure is so painful. Ask the physician performing the procedure for more information.
Not a surgery... While a bone marrow transplant is an incredibly intense experience, it is not a surgery. First, chemotherapy +/- radiation is used to destroy (ablate) your bone marrow. Receiving the actual stem cells from the bone marrow is quite anticlimatic - it is simply given by IV as an infusion. Waiting for engraftment and dealing with possible complications (infections and gvhd) is also very difficult.
Isn't. Harvesting the bone marrow can be painful, but receiving it is not. The problems with receiving it are the immune system and how it will react to the marrow and to bugs.

Related Questions

What is involved in bone marrow transplant surgery?

Bone marrow transpla. Bone marrow transplant is a procedure that hematologist/oncologists do for certain indication- for instance- in blood cancer like acute leukemia after remission from chemotherapy, or for certain cases of lymphomas, multiple myelomas- etc. It is not a surgery. Please read from this booklet : http://www. Lls. Org/#/resourcecenter/freeeducationmaterials/treatment/bloodmarrowstemcelltransplant.

Is a bone marrow transplant painful?

No. A bone marrow or peripheral blood (pb) stem cell transplant (sct) is not painful. There are various "induction" treatments that depend on the type of cancer or disease to "condition" or get rid of the cancer (& normal) cells. A sct then "rescues" the bone marrow by returning self (autologous sct) cells or cells from another (allogeneic sct). The sct itself is similar to a blood infusion.
Side effects. There are many effects which can be unpleasant like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea amd mouth sores. Depending on how the transplant is done the mouth sores can be severe and painful. There can be abdominal pain or bone pain in some patients.
Like a transfusion. Bone marrow transplantation is a long drawn out process. The marrow (or blood stem cells) is actually just infused IV like a blood transfusion. That's the easy part. Often high dose chemotherapy or radiation is given ahead of time. If the marrow comes from someone else then long courses of immune suppressive treatments are needed to control an inflammatory reaction called graft vs host disease.

How painful is a bone marrow transplant?

Variable. The actual transplant which is the reinfusion of the bone marrow or stem cells is not painful. However there can be side effects to the radiation and/or chemotherapy used to treat the patient before the stem cell infusion. Depending on how the transplant is done those treatments can cause some unpleasant side effects including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and mouth sores among other things.

I have leukemia. How painful is a bone marrow transplant?

The procedure is not. The actual BM transplant (infusion of cells) is not at all painful. There may be some reactions during infusion such as chills, rigors, fever and others but pain is not common. However, there may be significant discomfort from the effects of chemotherapy and/or radiation that may result in severe mucositis (irritation of the lining of mouth, upper airway and swallowing tube) lasting few weeks.

Can I get advice? I've got all a type of leukemia. How painful is a bone marrow transplant?

Marrow transplant. Chemotherapy is given first, to try to wipeout as much leukemia as possible from your marrow, then as it is recovering from the chemo, the marrow is infused into your body through the veins, to help you recover faster. Other than the needlestick, there should be very little pain.

How does a bone marrow transplant work and is it painful?

BMT. A bone marrow or stem cell transplant works in different ways depending on where the cells come from and what the disease is being treated. Autologous transplants use the patient's own stem cells and the transplant works by treating the cancer with high doses of chemo. Donor transplants work by changing the immune system which can attack cancer cells. There are side effects that may cause pain.

Bone marrow transplant, is this very painful? If so, how painful?

Like a transfusion. Bone marrow transplantation is a long drawn out process. The marrow (or blood stem cells) is actually just infused IV like a blood transfusion. That's the easy part. Often high dose chemotherapy or radiation is given ahead of time. If the marrow comes from someone else then long courses of immune suppressive treatments are needed to control an inflammatory reaction called graft vs host disease.

How is a bone marrow transplant done?

Let me explain. 1-we have to have a donor who donate that, we do collect the bone marrow from him we call this step (harvesting) 2-we have to transplant this marrow to the recipient (patient receiving the bone marrow). 3-both involve special collecting method and method of delivery, done under anesthesia use some big needles to harvest. Some time require small surgery under anesthesia.
Simply... Simply put you wipe out your bone marrow with high dose chemotherapy, infuse stem cells from bone marrow, cord or peripheral blood and then wait for them to engraft in your body. Meanwhile being on immunosupressants to helpprevent the new bone marrow from rejecting your own body.
Marrow or PBSC. Marrow hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) can be collected from the donor with aspiration syringes and long needles. It is done under anesthesia because multiple aspirations are needed. Now we more often collect HSC from the blood thru IVs using an apheresis machine. Much easier for the donor. HSC are infused into the patient through an IV (like a blood transfusion), after chemotherapy.

Is a bone marrow transplant life threatening?

Yes. Your immune system must be destroyed before a bone marrow transplant, so there is always the chance of a fatal infection or other fatal complication.
There are risks. There is a risk of dying of a complication of a bone marrow transplant. The risk is dependent on whether the cells are your own or from a donor. Also, the degree of matching impacts the risk. The major life threatening complications are related to infections, organ failure and an immune system problem called graft-versus-host disease.