Can kidney stones permanently damage the kidney?

Yes. Depending on the size of the stones, they can can obstruction of drainage of the urine, and worst case scenario end-stage renal disease.
Yes. If the kidney stones are very large and cause long term obstruction, that kidney's overall function will begin to deteriorate. If there is also an associated infection with the obstruction, that too will also impair that kidney's overall function over time.

Related Questions

How is permanently removal of kidney stone done? What is the precaution?

Depends upon size . Stones 5mm in diameter or smaller can be passed spontaneously in urine. Drink copiously & may need tamsulosin to dilate ureter. Stone stuck in ureter can be removed ureteroscopoically by laser lithotripsy. Up to 1.5cmtreated with eswl (extra-corporal lithotripsy). Staghorn or large stones removed by pcnl via tube through flank into kidney. Metabolic work-up may find cause to be prevented in future. Read more...

Could a person drink daily beer (to reduce kidney stones) if he take a medicine permanently (the medicine is to low cholesterol)?

Depends. It depends on which medicine you're talking about. Regardless, however, you certainly do not want to be drinking more than one on a regular basis. Although beer helps, water is better for you. Good luck. Read more...
Makes no difference. I think you have some misinformation. A medication to lower cholesterol (e.g. a "statin" drug) is not likely to cause kidney stones. And drinking beer does not reduce the formation of kidney stones or otherwise help them. You (or whoever this is about) should speak with his/her doctor about it. Read more...
Advise against. Hi Although alcohol is thought to decrease risk for kidney stones, I would advise against it. There are more thoughtful ways to decrease your risk than consuming alcohol and alcohol comes with its own risks. Here is some general info http://bit.ly/1BbgNV2 but for the best prevention, best to get a mineral analysis of a previous stone from your doctor. Hope this helps. Read more...