What disabilities can premature babies experience?

Multiple. Intraventricular brain hemorrhage is one of the most severe and can lead to cerebral palsy and poor neurodevelopmental outcomes. Necrotizing enterocolitis is another severe morbidity of preemies that may even prove fatal. Other problems: respiratory distress leading to bronchopulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity, jaundice, poor feeding, temperature/electrolyte imbalances, apnea episodes.