Do diabetic retinopathy and kidney disease often happen within a short time period of each other?

No. Diabetic retinopathy develops usually after 3-5 years in type I diabetics whereas kidney disease aka nephropathy typically develops 10-15 years after diagnosis of diabetes is made. Timing in type II diabetes is less clear, however it usually takes few years after retinopathy to develop clinically significant kidney disease.
Diabetic. Diabetes causes damages to blood vessels all over the body. Typically, it has effects on the eyes, heart, kidneys, and nerves. Often, the degree of organ damage is correlated with the tightness of blood sugar control. However, in some people, these organs are not affected at the same time. I often see diabetics with eye damage before their kidneys are damaged.

Related Questions

Is diabetic retinopathy and kidney disease related to one another?

Yes. Bothare common complications of long term diabetes esp if control has been poor.
Sort of. Diabetes causes the smaller blood vessels in the body to malfunction (microvasculopathy). This can occur in the retina (diabetic retinopathy), kidney (diabetic nephropathy), or nerves such as in the feet (diabetic neuropathy).
Yes. Microalbuminuria which can be an indicator of kidney disease correlates closely with diabetic retinopathy. Close communication between your primary care doctor and the ophthalmologist is very important.
DM and complications. Retinopathy (r) and nephropathy (n) are seen in diabetic patients. They are both examples of microangiopathy (m) in diabetes. M is affected not only by glucose control, it is affected more by BP as you can see in the slide. Good control of both BP and glucose levels are keys to the retardation of both diabetic retinopathy and kidney disease.