What causes addiction?

"Liking" Liking something whether it be a substance or activity to the point where there is a preoccupation resulting in harm.. Probably has to do with Dopamine in the brain which some people get more of a boost from than others. This is heavily genetically influenced. Some substances have such a profound effect that they tend to be more "addictive" than others-like smoked methamphetamine or nicotine.
Complex answer. Like most illnesses of the mind, addiction is the result of psychological factors, genetic/familial factors and social/environmental factors. The final common pathway of each addiction is through the reward system, which is a dopaminergic system, and it's possible that in those prone to addiction might have a dysfunctional system.

Related Questions

What causes addictions to pain?

No simple answer. Sometimes people inflict physical pain on themselves to avoid feeling emotional pain. Sometimes pain has been associated with sex & therefore becomes associated with pleasurable sensations. Sometimes people inflict pain on themselves out of guilt and the punishment feels good (or at least better than the guilt). It is possible that pain releases dopamine, which often mediates other addictions. Read more...

What causes addiction to buying lottery tickets?

Gambler's fallacy. The "gambler's fallacy" is the belief that "this time i'll win it big." for some folks, this is an irresistable urge that drives them to spend all of their money, whether it be on lotto tickets, at the craps table, slot machines or on sporting events. Groups like celebrate recovery and gambler's anonymous are very important to overcoming this. If this is you, seek help and support today. Read more...
Random reinforcement. Unrealistic expectations that one will win. The odds are very much stacked against those who "invest" in this manner. The widely publicized sensation around those that win can entice many. Gambler's logic is that, "if I have not won so far I am certainly due to win now." underlying impulse control disorders, bipolar disorder, attention deficit disorder, and substance abuse not infrequently comorbid. Read more...
Psychological +bio. Dr. Nguyen's explains well regarding the psychological underpinning of gambling addiction. In addition, such an addiction often begins as a way to avoid positively coping with certain stresses in life. Finally, like all addictions, this one also works biologically by stimulating the reward circuit in the brain. Read more...
Addiction. Addiction to lottery tickets generally satisfies an impulsive personalities need for a quick high. All the time spent thinking about winning temporarily lifts a person;s mood and provides a fantasy to provide superficial meaning to life. Best. Read more...

What causes food addiction?

Like other addict. Latest research suggests that the underlying mechanisms of food addiction are likely similar to other substances like drugs& alcohol. Especially rich sugary foods can cause spikes in dopamine which is very reinforcing to the body and leads to seeking out more of the food to get that boost again. Read more...

What causes drug addictions?

Nature and nurture. Genetic predisposition activated by environmental stimuli. Read more...
It's complicated. See http://www.Asam.Org/research-treatment/definition-of-addiction for a lot of detail about this. Read more...
Ambien (zolpidem) Tapering, with help of your prescribing doctor, as mentioned previously, is possible. Read more...

What can cause addiction to a song?

Habit. You may become so used to a particular song that it becomes sort of hard wired into the brain.In other words - it can become a habit. Read more...

What causes drug addiction?

Socio economics. There are multiple factors, socio economics, exposure and culture, life style, upbringing and access to addictive substances. Read more...
Multiple Factors. In addition to the previously mentioned risk factors, genetics plays an important role. Regardless, never being exposed to the offending item insures the highest chance of not becoming addicted. Needless to say, there are many opportunities for exposure. Also, there are many who are exposed but because of strong family support, moral conviction and a variety of other factors, do not become addicts. Read more...

What causes nicotine addiction?

RECEPTOR ATTACHMENT. The drugs that can lead to addiction and abuse are the ones that have a very immediate effect on how you feel. So there is a link between the drug and euphoria or sedation or relaxation etc. The quicker this happens the more potential for addiction like smoking is very rapid absorption into the bloodstream through the lungs. The effects are short lasting however and so you have to smoke again. Read more...

What can cause an addiction to cutting?

More cutting. Cutting stimulates the production of endorphins -- opioid-like substances the body produces to manage pain. It can be addictive. Some patients use cutting to: 1) wordlessly communicate distress, 2) take inchoate emotional pain and focus it onto a specific physical site, 3) practice a sense of mastery over pain and bleeding, 4) produce a strange sense of pleasure. Treat like an addiction and stop. Read more...
Cutting. There are many reasons people cut, but a predominant theme surrounds issues of control of pain and body. Those who have been deeply sexually traumatized will occasionally be cutters to avoid dealing with feelings of rape trauma. People with eating disorders also may cut as a way of exerting control over their own body. There are many pother reasons as well, not just these. Read more...

What can cause shopping addiction?

Many reasons. Like all addictions, genetics, life experiences, easy access, having other addictions and illnesses like bipolar disorder, depression and anxiety all can contribute to or "cause" shopping excessively. Read more...