What is polycystic kidney diease (pkd)?

Inherited disease. Polycystic kidney disease is an inherited disorder of the kidneys, where numerous numbers of cysts form throughout both, making them appear large & irregular. It is estimated to affect 1 in every 1000. Many cases are clinically silent, & the diagnosis is usually made with ultrasound though definitive diagnosis is made with genetic testing. Long term, hypertension & kidney failure are consequences.
Further to Dr. Kimm. 2 types of polycystic kidney disease, adult or autosomal dominant PKD & infantile or autosomal recessive pkd. Former usually presents later in life & 50% of offspring will inherit & is manageable. Latter inherited from both carrier, non-affected parents much >serious, often result in miscarriage or early death if not suitable $ transplant. Neither to be confused with multicystic dysplastic kidneys.

Related Questions

I have polycystic kidney disease PKD diagnosed when I was 14 now I'm 34 I don't take any meds just living a healthy lifestyle. Is there any meds?

Meds and PKD. If you have no hypertension or evidence of chronic kidney disease you probably need no medicine now. See a nephrologist to assess your renal function now with a 24 hour urine for creatinine clearance and protein to see how good it is now. Read more...
Pkd. Adjust diet significantly. Avoid saturated fats. Minimize animal protein to 30 grams per day. Minimize salt. Avoid caffeine. Drink 4 liters of fluid per day. Achieve ideal body weight. Do not smoke. Control blood pressure to 130/80. Avoid trauma. Avoid infection. Soy and omega 3 help daily. Taking ACE inhibitors can help and low dose statin can help. Taking tolvaptan can help but with side effect. Read more...

If I have polycystic kidney disease (pkd), should I be using creatine?

Creatinine. Creatinine is muscle break down product, extremely useful in measuring renal function as kidneys help excrete it so obviously it builds up in body in renal failure as kidneys cannot get rid of it anymore. It does not have any function-- whatsoever-- to perform--- in maintaining or deteriorating renal health! However--- the bulkier the muscle mass-- the more is stress on kidneys in getting rid of i. Read more...

What are the financial costs of treating polycystic kidney disease (pkd)?

Depends. It depends on how bad it is. If you go into complete renal failure and require dialysis or renal transplant the finanicial costs will be much greater than if your kidney function holds out. Read more...

I had polycystic kidney disease for 2 yrs, can stem cell treat pkd, what to do?

No stem cell for PKD. As far as I know, stem cell therapy has not been approved for PKD treatment. There are some clinical trials (but not stem cell) is underway. You should maintain healthy life styles, avoid/stop smoking, and avoid dehydration. Prevent & control of blood pressure & diabetes. Check kidney function & imaging (US or MRI) periodically as recommended by your doctor. Read more...

How do I find out if I have pkd (polycystic kidney disease) without having expensive genetic testing?

Ultrasound. You can take an imaging study called a renal ultrasound. The ultrasound can determine the number of cysts on your kidneys and can lead to a diagnose of polycystic kidney disease. Read more...
PKD testing. The gold standard after age 30 is ultrasound of the kidneys. This is not expensive and if you have no cysts at your age, then you do not have PKD. Genetic testing is not the standard. Read more...

How would I go about getting a genetic test for polycystic kidney disease (pkd) to see if I might pass it on?

See your doctor. The best place to start is with your primary care physician. A very thorough family history and an ultrasound will help determine if you have pkd. You will need to see a nephrologist and maybe a geneticist to determine what kind of PKD you have. The risk of passing PKD to your children depends on getting the correct diagnosis. Genetic testing would usually be ordered by one of those specialists. Read more...

Polycystic kidneys what can I do for pain from pkd..

Sometimes . Sometimes a single large cyst can cause pain. In that case, putting a needle into the cyst and draining it will relieve the pain. This is a procedure that would typically take just a few minutes and be done using ct or ultrasound guidance with only conscious sedation (it's not a very painful procedure). I would suggest that you visit the doctor finder page at the society of interventional radiology web site (sirweb.Org) to find a doctor in your area who can help you with this. Read more...

Can you please lay out the inheritance patterns for polycystic kidney inheritance?

Every generation. The most common form of polycystic kidney disease is autosomal dominant. That mean that a person who has the disease will have a 50% chance of passing it on to each child. Like a coin toss, that does not mean that 50% of children will get it. It could be all or none. The disease does not become clinically apparent for many years but can be detected by ultrasound. Control of BP is very important. Read more...

Can polycystic kidney diseases people buy a new one?

Not buy, but get one. You cannot buy a human organ! a person in end stage renal failure may be eligible for a renal transplant.Please go to this site for more info on renal transplantation and discuss the matter with your doctor. http://www.unos.org/. Read more...