Cell type. Myelogenous arrive from different bone marrow cells called myeloid cells while lymphoid is lymphoid cells. Actual difference is if they are acute or chronic.
Cell type. The difference between these types of leukemia is the cell type they are derived from. Lymphocytic leukemias arise from cells in the bone marrow that give rise to the normal lymphocytes-a type of white blood cell. Myelogenous leukemias arise from bone marrow cells that give rise to the other cell types in the bone marrow. Each of these types can occur in forms known as acute and chronic.
Yes. Myelogenous leukemia involves a different early cell type than lymphocytic leukemia. Both can originate in the bone marrow but the diseases behave differently in both their acute and chronic forms. Different treatment regimens and strategies are used for the two and that is why it is so important to distinguish the exact type of leukemia. There are major differences within these 2 categories.
Different types. Myelogenous leukemia- overproduction of the immature or mature myeloid cell types- those cells that would normally mature into neutrophils, platelets, monocytes, or red blood cells lymphocytic leukemia- overproduction of immature or mature lymphocyte cell types- those that would normally mature into various lymphocyte subtypes.
Different cells. Myeloid cells and cancer (eg, aml, cml) are different than lymphoid cells and cancer (eg, all, cll). Just as breast cancer and colon cancer are different. Of course they are bone marrow cancers with blood cells and the differences are not like the solid tumor differences I mentioned above. The disease course and treatments are different based on the diagnosis and other factors.
Different cells. These are cancers of two different types of blood cells: lymphocytes and myeloid cells. Myeloid cells are represented by a more heterogenous population of cells including neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes, megakaryocytes, each causing different types of leukemia. These leukemias can also be acute or chronic. Generally, lymphocytic is better than myeloid, and chronic better than acute.
Can doctors tell me what does myelogenous leukemia affect and what does lymphocytic leukemia affect?
Leukemia. The difference between these types of leukemia is the cell type they are derived from. Both types predominantly affect the blood but there can be involvement with other organs such as the spleen and liver..
Bone marrow & blood. Both diseases involve the bone marrow, your blood forming organ and hence affect its function:abnormal overproduction of bad cells and supression of normal cells. Hence, in myelogenous leukemia, your white cells derived from myeloid neutrophils are increased and in lymphoid leukemia derived from tumor lymphocytes, one's lymphocytes are much increased. Immunity is affected and lymph nodes organs too.
CML. CML is associated with philadelphia chromosome that result in the abnormal bcr-abl fusion gene. This becomes the target of treatment in cml. Oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor (tki) is the treatment of cml. The 1st generation is gleevec. Other tki that is more specific to block the bcr/abl fusion gene also available- sprycel and tasigna (nilotinib). Bone marrow transplant is available only for specific case.
Medications. The initial treatment for CML is with oral medications called tyrosine kinase inhibitors. For recurrent disease, other chemotherapy drugs or a stem cell transplant may be used.
AML. This is a type of leukemia. It is a cancer of a certain blood dell, originating in the bone marrow. It causes low blood counts. Diagnosis is often by evaluation of bone marrow aspirate. Treatments depend on subtypes and range from standard chemotherapy to bone marrow transplant.
Not inherited. CML is associated with chromosome damage (the philadelphia chromosome). This is not inherited. The damage is to bone morrow stem cells and occurs long after birth. So the disease is not passed on to children.
CML. There are two types of CML, juvenile and adult. Each manifests marked clinical, hematological, and cytogenetic differences.
9-22 translocation. A portion of chromosome 9 is tranferred to chromosome 22...When a cytogeneticist looks at this...They see the characteristic "philodephia chromosome" named after the city where the research was conducted.
It is Complex! Why is it so important to know the answer to this question for your practical purpose and guidance, it does not. But if you want to conduct research on this matter be my guest!