6 doctors weighed in:
What are the stages of cancer of the rectum?
6 doctors weighed in

Dr. Carolyn Messere
Surgery - Colorectal
2 doctors agree
In brief: 4 stages
Stage i is a localized tumor without spread to other organs or the lymph nodes.
Stage ii is a deeper tumor, into the muscular layers of the bowel or even outside the bowel, but not spread to distant organs or lymph nodes. Stage iii is a tumor that has involved the lymph nodes, but not distant organs. Stage IV is spread of tumor to organs far from the rectum, such as liver or lungs.

In brief: 4 stages
Stage i is a localized tumor without spread to other organs or the lymph nodes.
Stage ii is a deeper tumor, into the muscular layers of the bowel or even outside the bowel, but not spread to distant organs or lymph nodes. Stage iii is a tumor that has involved the lymph nodes, but not distant organs. Stage IV is spread of tumor to organs far from the rectum, such as liver or lungs.
Dr. Carolyn Messere
Dr. Carolyn Messere
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1 comment
Dr. Andrew Turrisi
And the picture shows longitudinal lines of the anal canal with the "sphincter muscles" depicted in light pink, and the recto-sigmoid junction at the top. Depending on stage and distance from anal verge, might require preop treatment or determine need/prospect of colostomy.
Dr. Amir Faridi
Internal Medicine - Hematology & Oncology
2 doctors agree
In brief: Rectal cancer
Staging for rectal cancer depend on depth of tumor, nodal involvement and spread to other organs.
Early stage( stage1), smaller tumor without involvement of nodes. Stage 2&3 deeper tumor and involvement of nodes and late stage( stage 4), when it spread to other organs.

In brief: Rectal cancer
Staging for rectal cancer depend on depth of tumor, nodal involvement and spread to other organs.
Early stage( stage1), smaller tumor without involvement of nodes. Stage 2&3 deeper tumor and involvement of nodes and late stage( stage 4), when it spread to other organs.
Dr. Amir Faridi
Dr. Amir Faridi
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