12 doctors weighed in:
How can you develop esophageal cancer?
12 doctors weighed in

Dr. David Cooke
Surgery - Thoracic
8 doctors agree
In brief: Depends on the type
Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus for the most part is casued by smoking, consuming alcohol, nitrosamines, such as pickled foods and smoked meats.
Adenocarcinoma is casued by acid reflux, which can lead to injury of the lining of the esophagus, causing barrett's metaplasia. Barrett's can lead to low grade, then high grade dysplasia, and finally esophageal adenocarcinoma.

In brief: Depends on the type
Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus for the most part is casued by smoking, consuming alcohol, nitrosamines, such as pickled foods and smoked meats.
Adenocarcinoma is casued by acid reflux, which can lead to injury of the lining of the esophagus, causing barrett's metaplasia. Barrett's can lead to low grade, then high grade dysplasia, and finally esophageal adenocarcinoma.
Dr. David Cooke
Dr. David Cooke
Thank
Dr. Craig Carter
Surgery - Thoracic
2 doctors agree
In brief: Multiple
In the past, it was more commonly associated with smoking and drinking.
Today, the most common reason is prolonged acid reflux leading to barretts esophagitis, which can be a pre-malignant condition if left untreated.

In brief: Multiple
In the past, it was more commonly associated with smoking and drinking.
Today, the most common reason is prolonged acid reflux leading to barretts esophagitis, which can be a pre-malignant condition if left untreated.
Dr. Craig Carter
Dr. Craig Carter
Thank
Read more answers from doctors