Inability to move. The key feature of catatonia, which actually occurs in more than schizophrenia, is the inability to move at times. The person can stay still in one posture for hours at a time, leading to an inability to eat or perform other activities of daily living. There are also cases of "agitated catatonia" in which the person moves around in an agitated state doing motions that are purposeless.
Catalonic schizophr. Schizophrenia entails six months of symptoms and must significantly impair functioning. The symptoms are not due to drug use or another mental illness. Symptoms may include hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech and behavior, lack of motivation and emotional expression, low energy, poor grooming. In the catatonic subtype, there is either little to no movement or excessive movement.
Catatonia. Actually the state of catatonia, at least today, is more common in affective disorders rather than schizophrenia. Nobody really knows why someone develops catatonic schizophrenia or any of the other subtypes. Research indicates most forms of schizophrenia are caused by brain dysfunction; but we understand yet why that brain dysfunction occurs.
Catatonic. Schizophrenia is one type of schizophrenia. We don't fully understand what causes this illness.
Need evaluation. Catatonia is a potentially life threatening condition. It has many causes the most common psychiatric cause is a mood disorder. Catatonia can still occur in the dontext of schizophrenia. A doctor can evaluate and recommend treatment.
Catatonic Schizophre. Patient cannot move, speak or respond, on one extreme, and at opposite extreme the patient mimics sounds or movements and is over excited. They also show repetitive purposeless behaviors (stereotypy), bizarre postures. Main symptoms are termed Physical immobility, Waxy flexibility, Strange movements, Uncooperativeness, Echolalia, & Echopraxia.
First thing first. Do you have schizophrenia? You have to have schizophrenia first. The easier way to think about this is that catatonia is a symptom of schizophrenia.
Catatonia. Catatonia can take two forms, the most common being catatonic mutism where the person cannot speak. Their bodies may exhibit waxy flexibility, which is if they are posed by someone else in a certain position, they will not change that position for hours or longer. The other form of catatonia, is catatonic excitement, rarely seen and which is where the patient will literally run until they die.
Catatonic. Catatonia, which is characterized by motoric immobility (inability to move) such as catalepsy or stupor (significant altered levels of consciousness), mutism (inability to speak), negativism, is shown in about 10-15% of patients with schizophrenia. The can respond to benzodiazepines, Abilify (aripiprazole) and electroconvulsive therapy.
Subtype of Disorder. The catatonic type of schizophrenia is dominated by movement abnormalities and possibly speech abnormalities. Immobility, purposeless activity, and rigid or bizarre postures, are examples of catatonic behavior. These behaviors occur in a context of characteristic symptoms of schizophrenia.
It is still. Schizophrenia - just another form of it.
Exactly the same. Only the nomenclature (names) change to confuse (protect) the innocent. Often, the dsm's (diagnostic statistical manual) revised to best describe criteria for mental illnesses. Symptoms get added ; dropped - sometimes whole conditions do. Once, homosexuality was an illness - changing societal attitudes ended that. Don't worry - the condition is exactly what it is.
Schizophrenia. Yes "catatonic" schizophrenia is still schizophrenia. Catatonia is one possible symptom a schizophrenic person might show -- either being unmoving (waxy flexibility or catatonic "stupor") or catatonic "furor" (moving around so fast and so constantly they exhaust themselves. The most recent diagnostic manual eliminated these different "types" of schizophrenia, but people can still exhibit symptoms.
When treated. When the symptoms of schizophrenia, catatonic type are under control and treated, then clarity of thought is more likely. When not treated and symptomatic, likely not.
Yes. Catatonic schizophrenia is different from other types of schizophrenia and seldom seen today. It often responds dramatically to ECT and seems to resemble bipolar disorder more than schizophrenia in my opinion.
Yes. If they establize on med.
Yes. Ect is not a cure. Symptoms may remit, but they can and do return.
Yes. Schizophrenia is a life time illness, and without continued treatment, the symptoms recur. It may not be necessary for ongoing ect, but most likely, medications will be needed long term, and ECT follow up may also be helpful. Please consult with your psychiatrist.