Which parts of the body does muscular dystrophy affect?

Depend on the type. There are many types of muscular dystrophy, affecting different muscle groups. One type affects the eye muscles and the muscles of the pharynx; another primarily affects the facial muscles, the muscles of the shoulder girdle and the proximal arm. Most other muscular dystrophies affect the limb girdles, but rare forms can originate distally. There are many subtypes and new types are being described.

Related Questions

How does duchenne muscular dystrophy affect the body?

See below. It is caused by an alteration (mutation) in a gene, called the dmd gene that can be inherited in families in an x-linked recessive fashion, but it often occurs in people from families without a known family history of the condition. Individuals who have dmd have progressive loss of muscle function and weakness, which begins in the lower limbs. Read more...

Where does duchenne muscular dystrophy strike most in the body?

Mutations in the . dystrophin gene, Xp21.2-p21.1, causes weakness in large, then small, skeletal muscles. Weakness of heart muscle, smooth muscle of GI tract & urinary tracts, Speech Sound Disorder, Intellectual Disability, Specific Learning Disability & behavior problems occur in some boys. Carrier girls may have cardiomyopathy. Specific mutations determine manifestations in boys & carrier girls. See mda.org. Read more...

For what reason might duchenne muscular dystrophy appear in some body regions but not others?

Certain muscles are. More prone to md starting in those areas, but as it is progressive, will most likely eventually start causing problems in more and more muscle groups. The progression can be different for all and use, muscle health and types of md can affect which groups show up first and how progressive it is. Read more...

What are the symptoms of duchenne muscular dystrophy?

Weakness... ...More prominent in large muscles than in small ones, progressing to inability to stand up without assistance (see http://en.Wikipedia.Org/wiki/gower_maneuver ); muscles are enlarged early on ("pseudohypertrophy) but wither later. Read more...