Lp. An LP looking for increased white cells and low glucose levels. Gram stains will show the organisms.
Meningitis. Usual presentation is a severe meningitis, often clustered in close contact situations due to infectious potential. A lumbar puncture with spinal fluid analysis, and testing for the bacterial origin is readily diagnostic.
Person to person. Meningococcal disease is spread from one person to another by throat or respiratory secretions (eg, coughing, kissing, or sharing eating utensils). The bacteria can't live outside the body for more than a few minutes, so they don't get spread by being left on objects such as door handles or faucets.
Exposure. When a set up can be identified it coems from close exposure to soembody else with the same disease.
Very. Meningococcal meningitis is usually transmitted by airborne droplets. Isolation with masks, gloves and gowns are required for contact with infected patients.
Meningococcal diseas. The disease is spread person-to-person through the exchange of respiratory and throat secretions- Meningococcal bacteria can't live for more than a few minutes outside the body, so the disease is not spread as easily as the common cold or influenza.
Meningococcaldisease. Caused by bacteria, n. Meningitidis which causes meningitis and severe infection. Is often sudden in onset, rapidly progressive and potentially causes death. Symptoms include fever, headache, stiff neck, bloody skin rash, low blood pressure. Survivors often suffer from neurologic problems, limb loss, and hearing loss. Transmission is by direct contact. Prevented by vaccination. Affects all children.
Meningococcal DZ =. illnesses caused by Neisseria meningitidis.
Meningitis! This is a bad one. See a doctor if you have had contact with a patient. There is a preventive treatment.
Confusing question. Pro's and con's? Meningococcus is a germ that can be carried by asymptomatic people and passed in the community. If it invades through the tender tissues of the nasal passages it can kill within 24 hours. This is a deadly disease. What a "pro" for a deadly disease would be is beyond my comprehension.
How soon after their first dose should people who remain at risk for meningococcal disease be vaccinated again?
3-5 Years. It depends on your age. Children under 7 should wait at least 3 years. Anyone 7 or older, 5 years.
10-15 years. The military uses 10-15 years as a range. Not aware of any specific guideline for this, but reasonable.
How rare is the meningococcal disease? And should I be worried about it if I've never kissed anyone or come in contact with anyone who has it?
1 in 100, 000. For your age group the risk is less than 1 in 100, 000 assuming you are in the usa or similar country. If you are a college student living in a dorm then your risk increases five fold. Also military recruits are at increased risk. There is a vaccine available which may be covered by insurance. The disease spreads by droplets (coughing etc.).
Uncommon. But not rare. Why worry? A number of asymptomatic carriers are around whom we cannot avoid.
Meningococcal diseas. Prevention of the disease is more important. A Meningococcal vaccine is now available for children aged 11 years and over- taken in 2 doses about 5 years apart. A new vaccine is also now available for infants given as early as 6 weeks of life. Treatment is usually extensive and includes IV fluids, antibiotics, steroids and other medications to maintain blood pressure.