What is the cause of salmonella?

Salmonella bacteria. Salmonella is a bacteria. In the United States, it is the most common cause of foodborne illness. Salmonella occurs in raw poultry, eggs, beef, and sometimes on unwashed fruit and vegetables. About 40, 000 cases of salmonellosis are reported in the United States annually.
Gram - rod/ bacteria. Salmonella may be found in feces of infected organisms. It can be in raw poultry & meat as well as raw eggs & seafood. Some fruits & vegetables may also be contaminated w salmonella. Touching infected reptiles & birds can also lead to infection. Vegetables & fruit may be irrigated or washed w contaminated water. Cross contamination can also occur during food preparation.