What cleaning products can be used to clean and disinfect surfaces to control the spread of clostridium difficile?
Any product. All cleaning products sold comercially in usa called antibacterial will kill the bacteria.
Soap, disinfectant. Any disinfectant left on long enough can do the job. Soap and water works well. Wash your hands with soap and water (antibacterial soap can work too). Alcohol based hand rubs, e.g. Purell don't work for c diff (don't kill the spores of the germ).
Depends. It depends on how sick the initial patient is, how sick the exposed patients are, and how aware of infection control the care providers are. In wards where it is allowed to run wild, it can spread throughout the entire ward in a matter of days.
One week. One week after your diarrhea subsides.
C.diff treatment. Interesting you know about how effective stool donations can be for helping C. diff patients. It works very well. C. diff is a horrible and devastating disease, killing up to 15% of victims according to the CDC. You may want to freeze your own stool if you're worried about it or concerned for a relative. Obviously keeping that separate from food is a must. There are no labs doing this yet.
No. Currently, there is no vaccine available.
Not Yet. No vaccine yet for c diff.
Yes. A recurrence of c. Diff can be treated effectively, but it usually takes a different type of antibiotic and sometimes for a longer course (called a "pulsed and taper" schedule) you may find that in addition you will be asked to take a probiotic as well. Wash your hands (and tell family members too) with soap and water frequently! The alcohol gel will not destroy the c.Diff spores. Good luck!
Clostridium Difficil. Depended on the number relapses. If a patient has relapsed more than 3 times, the chance of treatment the bacteria is less effective and will require a longer time. However, there are effective treatments.
Yes. Yes. Especially if you received antibiotics in the hospital. The symptoms are diarrhea, more than 3 loose stools per day with cramps and possibly fever. If you have these symptoms after a hospitalization call your doctor.
Symptoms... The nature of the organism; activity level produces clinical symptoms and requires treatment. Speak with your doctor if you require medical attention.
Inert vs active. The spore is like a time capsule, a little sturdier than most seeds, but similar concept. The active form has started active biological processes (like reproducing).
Yes. The spore is encapsulated and inactive. The spore can germinate into the toxin producing bacteria.