What are the causes of dystonia?

Unclear. We do not understand the causes of dystonias at a mechanistic level. We do divide dystonias into two types: primary and secondary. In primary dystonia there is likely a genetic predisposition with an environmental trigger. Secondary dystonias are caused by trauma, brain disease or certain medications such as neuroleptics (major tranquilizers).

Related Questions

What can cause dystonia? My hands are mostly affected with it. It's slowly occurring more frequently, atleast twice a week now. Should I be concerned?

Many possbilities. There are many possible causes of dystonia. Some are genetic, some are "secondary, " which means they are caused by something else, including possibly a side effect of other medications. You should see a neurologist, possibly a movement disorder specialist, to see if the movements you're having are actually dystonia and to discuss causes and treatments. Read more...

What causes dystonia?  

Many things. Dystonia is a neurologic syndrome characterized by sustained involuntary muscular activity producing sustained, abnormal and repetitive muscle contractions causing twisting movements, abnormal posture and functional disability. There are many different types and causes with different prognoses. Some remit, some stay the same and others get worse. Read more...
Various causes. There are genetic forms, acquired forms, toxic forms, and those without known cause. Dystonia muscularum deformans is a horrible progressive form that is devastating over time. Focal dystonia may occur only rarely in a small group of muscles with very specific movement. There is no cure but good management methods are available. Read more...

What causes dystonia in the muscles?

It varies. Dystonia is a movement disorder that is typically caused by a problem with signals in the brain that affect movement. Some forms are caused by injury to a part of the brain called the basal ganglia (like stroke or cerebral palsy), others can be hereditary. Rarely it can be triggered by trauma. Some forms like cervical dystonia (torticollis or neck dystonia) are of unlcear cause. Read more...