Yes. When germs like group b strep enter the fetal baby of waters prior to or during active labor, they can establish a generalized infection or meningitis that is present at birth. As the duration of ruptured membranes increases past 18 hours, the possibility of baby becoming infected increases significantly.
Yes. It rarely occurs, but infants can be infected during vaginal delivery. Mothers who are vaginally colonized with strep gp b often have their babies delivery by c-section.