What is the difference between a metabolic acidosis and respiratory acidosis?

Resp = CO2 retention. Respiratory acidosis relates to co2 retention, otherwise known as "hypercapnea". Metabolic acidosis occurs either from primary acid retention, renal dysfunction/failure or bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) losses. Primary acid retentions cause anion-gap metabolic acidosis from these etiologies (methanol, uremia, diabetic ketoacidosis, para-aldehyde, isoniazid, lactic acidosis, ethylene glycol, salicylates).
Acidosis. There are two types of metabolic acidosis. One is seen with a very low carbon dioxide and one is seen with a high chloride. The first one is due to the presence of an acid in one's blood. Examples of this are a lactic acidosis or diabetic keotacidosis. The second type is seen in a loss of bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate). In both the serum co2 is low. A respiratory acidosis has a co2 that is high.

Related Questions

Respiratory acidosis and metabolic acidosis, which is worse?

Worse acidosis. Both a respiratory (r) and metabolic acidosis (m) are bad. A r is due to retention of carbon dioxide (c) and a m is due to the presence of an organic acid. The treatment of a r is to reduce the c, blowing of c and the treatment of a m is to get rid of of the organic acid. Read more...

How are respiratory acidosis and metabolic acidosis different?

The source. Respiratory acidosis is the result of co2 build up in the blood, metabolic acidosis is the result of inability to remove acids or the addition of acids to the system. Read more...

Respiratory acidosis and metabolic acidosis in the same patient-how can this happen?

Acidosis. Respiratory acidosis (a) is a condition in which decreased ventilation (h) (hypoventilation) causes increased blood carbon dioxide concentration and decreased ph. Metabolic a occurs when the body produces too much acid or when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body. If a person has shock with an increased Lactic Acid level which leads to h, both types of acidosis are present. Read more...