How is cervical cancer diagnosed and treated?

Biopsy of cervix. Cervical cancer usually is, diagnosed by gynecologist, or a physician, who is comfortable doing a gynecologic examination. Abnormality seen in the pap smear or finding lesion on clinical examination during a pelvic exam may prompt biopsy. It is treated by surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or a combination of these treatments, depending on stage and extent of disease involvement.
Cervical cancer. After an abnormal pap, cervical cancer is diagnosed by a tissue biopsy. The treatment depends upon patient's health and stage.

Related Questions

How can cervical cancer be diagnosed and treated today and in the 90s?

Depends. Not much has changed in terms of principles of treatment: a) early stage - surgery b) later stage - radiation + chemo or chemo diagnosis - pap smear. More efforts in educating women to get pap smears are in place now compared to the 90s as well as educating the role of hpv with cervical cancer now. This is a good review on cervical cancer http://www. Cancer. Net/cancer-types/cervical-cancer.

How is cervical cancer typically treated?

Depends. Treatment depends on the stage of the cervical cancer. In general, for earlier stages surgery is often performed as the primary treatment and for more advanced cases radiation and chemotherapy are used together. The radiation typically includes external beam radiation as well as brachytherapy.
Depends.. ..on the stage and other factors, my friend. Surgery is done if early, but sometimes radiation and/or chemo are used.

How could my doctor diagnose cervical cancer?

Exam and Pap smear. I is important to have regular pelvic examinations and pap smears. Both of these things are used to help screen for cervical cancer.
Cervical Cancer. A pap smear, pelvic exam, possible biopsy, and hpv testing, along with certain imaging studies, are often used by gyn practitioners to assess the risk of cervical cancer. Consult with your gynecologist and take it from there.

Can cervical cancer be treated with radiation?

Yes. Depending on the age of the patient and stage radiation has a major role in curing cervix cancer. After evaluation the choice is between surgery and radiation. Some stages will also need chemotherapy.

How are you tested for cervical cancer? Is pap enough to diagnose?

Start with pap smear. Pap smear is a screening test for cervical cancer. If papsmear is abnormal further test like colposcopy with biopsy or endometrial sampling or other test would probaby be needed - depending on the papmsear/biopsy result - to establish a diagnosis. Discuss further with your gynecologist and have serial papsmear as recommended.

Can undiagnosed cervical cancer cause infertility if treated to late?

Yes. Undiagnosed cervical cancer usually leads to death. And if the cervix is full of cancer likely there is no way to get pregnant or very difficult. But that is not the same as pre-cancer which is almost always what we talk about with papsmears. That is not related to fertility.
Cervical cancer. Yes. This is usually related to secondary mechanical issues.

How is cervical cancer treated? What are the common treatments for cervical cancer? Will I have to get a hysterectomy?

Treatment. Treatment options depend on the stage of the cancer, the size of the tumor, the patient's desire to have children and her age. Not every patient is treated with a hysterectomy. Very early disease can be treated with several other options. Laser surgery is a surgical procedure that uses the cutting power of a laser beam to make bloodless cuts to remove a tumor. Conization is surgery done to remove a cone-shaped piece of tissue from the cervix and cervical canal. Cryosurgery is a procedure in which tissue is frozen by liquid nitrogen or liquid carbon dioxide to destroy abnormal cells. Hysterectomy is used for the woman who does not want to have children or who has more advanced disease. During this surgery, the uterus and cervix are removed, and sometimes the tubes and ovaries are also removed. Radiation and/or chemotherapy are also used for patients who cannot undergo surgery, or who have advanced disease. Because there can be numerous treatment options depending on the clinical situation, the doctor and patient should make the decision together to come up with the best outcome for that patient.
Depends on Stage. It depends on stage. Generally early stage is treated with surgery (radical hysterectomy) +/- chemotherapy and radiation therapy. More advanced stages are generally treated with chemotherapy and radiation therapy without surgery.