Go To School/camp. Because they go to school, clleges/dorms, and camps where there is more chances of contacting the infection if one has it it spreads eassily.
The cause. The difference refer to the different cause of the infection leading to meningitis. Meningitis is a term that describes inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord. Infections are a common cause and the agent of the infection can be a bacterium, a virus or a fungus.
Why do you ask? Neuther sensitive nor specific. Both are extremely serious considerations and if there is a reasonable concern, get a lumbar puncture.
Often. Fungal meningitis is a serious, life-threatening illness. Most physicians consult infectious disease specialists to assist in treating this illness.
Antifungal agents. There are a number of antifungal agents that are available depends on organism - things like Amphotericin B - would defer this to infectious disease specialist.
Anti-fungals. There are a handful of anti-fungal medications available. For the best plan of action, it would be good to consult an infectious disease specialist, who can provide guidance with the specific anti-fungal and for duration of therapy. It is also important to investigate how/why a patient has a fungal meningitis. So some investigative work might need to be done.
Fungal meningitis. Fungal meningitis is treated with antibiotics, there are several specific antibiotics used depending on the type of fungus.
Unlikely. There are many, many more likely reasons to have behavioral changes. Furthermore, isolated behavioral changes would be an unusual presentation of meningitis. Fever, neck stiffness, intolerance of light, and lethargy can often be seen in meningitis.
Not necessarily. Behavior changes can occur due to several reasons, including as a side effect of medications, old age, common illnesses, hormonal, etc. If you suspect that you have behavior changes you should visit your doctor and get a check up.
No. Fungal meningitis is not contagious.
Antifungals. Fungal meningitis is rather uncommon in normal individuals. Most of the times seen in patients with AIDS and/ or spinal procedures. The treatment is usually iv/ po anti fungal directed at the specific fungal organism.
Fungal meningitis. You would only have this if immunosuppressed such as with HIV or medications that suppress the immune system such as in transplant patients. End stage cancer patients and other critically ill patients on strong IV antibiotics can also get this. If you have fungal meningitis you probably would not be able to write the email.
Potentially any time. Although some organisms causing fungal meningitis occur in people with depressed immune systems, living in california makes one at risk for coccidiodomycosis (valley fever) which in some cases can cause meningitis. The endemic area in ca is the central valleys and it is spread from soil by airborne spores. There is also an outbreak of aspergillus meningitis in the usa from contaminated main med.