4 doctors weighed in:
How are pancytopenia and myelodysplastic syndrome differentiated?
4 doctors weighed in

Dr. Edward Gold
Internal Medicine
2 doctors agree
In brief: Bone Marrow Biopsy
Pancytopenia is a clinical condition that can be caused by a variety of diseases such as aplastic anemia, myelodysplasia, drug toxicity.
Myelodysplasia is a clinical syndrome that may manifest itself as pancytopenia. A bone marrow biopsy is the only way to tell what is going on.

In brief: Bone Marrow Biopsy
Pancytopenia is a clinical condition that can be caused by a variety of diseases such as aplastic anemia, myelodysplasia, drug toxicity.
Myelodysplasia is a clinical syndrome that may manifest itself as pancytopenia. A bone marrow biopsy is the only way to tell what is going on.
Dr. Edward Gold
Dr. Edward Gold
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Dr. Agos Luca
Pathology
In brief: See below...
They are not. Pancytopenia is one of the consistent features of a myelodysplastic syndrome.
It can affect all cell lines in the peripheral blood (pancytopenia) or only some of them (cytopenia or cytopenias). If you are asking about the differential diagnosis of pancytopenia, other clinical conditions can be associated with it like aplastic anemia and even leukemia.

In brief: See below...
They are not. Pancytopenia is one of the consistent features of a myelodysplastic syndrome.
It can affect all cell lines in the peripheral blood (pancytopenia) or only some of them (cytopenia or cytopenias). If you are asking about the differential diagnosis of pancytopenia, other clinical conditions can be associated with it like aplastic anemia and even leukemia.
Dr. Agos Luca
Dr. Agos Luca
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