The term "depression. Is used for a lot of things like feeling sad or grieving. But depressive disorder is a clinical diagnosis with specific criteria.
Yes. Depression is a mood disorder that has dysmotivation, sadness, flat affect, disinterest in usually exciting activities (like sex, work, child rearing, volunteerism, housekeeping), irritability, sleep disruption, inability to perform tasks of daily activity, or interaction with friends or family. Bipolar disorder has these symptoms as well, but also has mood swings, extreme irritability, rages, .
Yes, technically but. Sometimes they are confused one with the other. When depression resists all antidepressant medication one has to think bipolar disorder, since in bipolar disorder individuals antidepressant meds often aggravate it. Major depression can evolve into bipolar disorder. Rarely bipolar can become major depression. Depression gets depression meds, bipolar - mood stabilizers & sometimes depression meds.
Terminology. There are a number of conditions that fall under the spectrum of bipolar disorder. Essentially, bipolar disorder encompasses periods of low energy, low mood and other impairments (depression) as well as periods of high energy & increased mood (mania or hypomania). The term bipolar depression is referring to only the depressive cycle that is part of a bipolar disorder.
BPD = general term. There are several kinds of bipolar disorder. Bipolar depression is the depressed phase of the two extreme poles. All people have moods, however, normally the variation is not extreme. To be labelled bipolar, a person needs to have had at least one past manic episode. A website, www. Bipolar. Com is a good reference for more specific distinctions between the different variations of bpd.
Same thing. Manic depression is the old term 4 the same illness.
NOT REALLY. The terms are interchangable. Bipolar I and bipolar II, In the first, manic phases are more severe, and in the second, depressive phases are more severe. There is also cyclothymia which is a low grade version of bipolar disorder in general, where mood swings are not as severe in either direction, manic or depressive. No one knows how it develops, other than a mystery of genetic confluence.
Lability. Bipolar disorder has discrete periods of depression in addition to discrete periods of feeling "too good".
Bipolarvs Depression. Actually, according to the criteria used, one may have only ever had manic moods, or mania, and qualify for the diagnosis of bipolar disorder. That is why the term manic-depression is confusing. One may never have been depressed at any time, and still have bipolar disorder.
Mania. By definition, in bipolar disorder th person must have had one episode of mania or mixed presentation.
Why is poor grooming part of the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia? Is it different from poor grooming found in other disorders like depression?
Not necessarily. Impairment from a mood disorder or a psychotic disorder can prevent people from self -care. It is an indicator of function.
Poor grooming. Along with delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech & behavior, and negative symptoms like affective flattening, part of the criteria for schizophrenia include social/occupational dysfunction. Self-care can be part of this, and lack of it can show in poor grooming. Depressed people may also have poor self-care and/or grooming, but their overall symptom picture differs from schizophrenia.
I suffer from social anxiety disorder and depression should I see a psychiatrist or psychologist? I have several different meds over the last 15 years. I usually discontinue the meds due to the side effects and wind up back on when I have a stressful tim
Hi, . Hi, more often than not, in this age of managed care medicine, psychiatrists treat patients with psychiatric medications and clinical psychologists provide different forms of talking therapy. Often the most successful outcomes are from a combination of the right medications hand- in - hand with different forms of non-medication therapy. I can understand how your trust levels could be low, if you have not had good outcomes from treatment in the past. Both depression and anxiety can be hard to treat. But, if you get no care at all, it is certain that you will continue to suffer from anxiety and depression. Even with treatment you can often take one step forward and two step backs which equates to frustration. Overcoming your anxiety and depression is much like trying to run up an escalator that is going down. If you don't try at all, you will always be stuck at the bottom of the escalator. Even when you are working your way up, sometimes you can't keep up with the pace of the escalator and it can take you back down again. You might reach the top but have new major life stressors that bring you down again. But, your efforts will pay off in the end. Your conditions are treatable, but you will need to make a serious committment to becoming more healthy. Over the last 15 years, some incredible new psychiatric medictions have been introduced. If the doctor who previously prescribed your medications was a family or general doctor, I recommend that you see a psychiatrist for medication management. I also recommend you see a therapist; whether it be a licensed clinical social worker, a counselor or a clinical psychologist. You want to work with a therapist you can feel comfortable with - but a warning: it is usually a little scary and akward any time you start sharing your life story with someone you have just met. You need to take advantage of the therapy; even if it is not a time of crisis or you are starting to feel better. As you are looking for an appropriate therapist, you might want to enquire if the provider is trained to do cognitive behavioral therapy - as this can be very helpful with both of your conditions. Don't lose hope, the right help is out there. I wish you well.
Dr.. Dr. Fowler gave a good detailed answer. Let me just add that psychiatrists are medical doctors and psychologists are not medical doctors. Psychologists are also called "doctors" because they often have phd (doctor of philosophy) degree.
Either or both. If you want to see a specialist for med consultation, it'll have to be a psychiatrist. Some psychiatrists also provide psychotherapy, but this is becoming less common (sadly, in my opinion). Clinical psychologists are psychotherapy experts but can't prescribe meds. Many patients see both types of doctors, as the combination of medication & therapy is often best.
Dr. Fowler is right. In this world where insurance dictates the medical treatment model, very often the human touch is lost and there is great pressure to "treat" in the shortest period of time. A great shame, in that there are many methods of therapy, I believe that talking with a trained person is of great help, and that medicinal treatment has come a long way. A therapist with an md can prescribe meds however.
Group therapy. A doctor who offers group therapy, usually a psychologist, may also be helpful, especially with individuals also suffering from social anxiety disorder. Sharing the trials and successes of others can be a real shot in the arm. Gradual exposure with other group members can often accelerate desensitization to social situations which increase anxiety. Help is available.
Social Anxiety. I recommend both, one for counseling & the other for evaluation of meds.
Psychiatrist. Since you have had a difficult time with your anxiety, it is my professional clinical opinion that your best option is to consult with a psychiatrist for a thorough evaluation, including a review of all medical conditions and medications. You may have more than one condition, or an illness that has not been accurately diagnosed. This will take time--find a psychiatrist who will take the time.
Yes. The official name is "major depressive disorder", but many people say "clinical depression" as a sort of shorthand for that. This is depression > 2 wks, severe enough to interfere with everyday life, and accompanied by changes in sleep, energy, appetite, ability to experience pleasure, suicidal ideas, and so forth. Many depressed moods are not severe enough to count as "clinical".
Depression. They are one & the same. Another term is unipolar depression.
Yes. Although I believe the definition to be somewhat too narrow, nimh and others see the terms a synonymous, clinical depression is a mood disorder in which feelings of sadness, loss, anger, or frustration interfere with everyday life for a period of two weeks or more.
Depression. Melancholia is from word meaning dark bile. It shows in depressed, blunted or flat affect. Clinical depression is depression with vegetative signs & symptoms. Both these terms can be used interchangeably to describe the currently used term.