What is diagnosed with a bone marrow aspiration?

BONE MARROW ASPIRATE. Bone marrow aspirations are done to determine whether or not a patient has, for example, leukemia, anemia, bone cancer, multiple myeloma and other diseases, and to confirm certain diagnoses.
Blood disorders. A bone marrow aspirate is used to diagnose diseases of the blood forming elements (platelets, red blood cells, white blood cells). It can be used to detect leukemias and other blood "dyscrasias" (abnormal growth/proliferation of blood forming elements).