What is an autoimmune disease?

Autoimmune diseases. In auto immune disease the enemy is from with in. As name implies "auto" is self and "immune " is immune system. One 's own immune system for unknown reason turns against self and destroys or damages tissues or cells. List of auto immune disease are many and growing. End result is destruction of of tissues such as thyroid, pancreas or cells such as white cells, platelets etc.
Body against itself. In some instances the body responds in an aberrant way and destroys its own cells and tissues. The response may consist of auto-antibodies, as in hemolytic anemia, lupus, or abnormal cells, as in hashimoto; usually both components are involved.

Related Questions

What might case autoimmune diseases?

Excess immune stimul. A manifestation of excess immune stimulation which leads to inflammation of your tissues- myelin in ms, joints in ra... The immune stress can be environment edible, infectious... Chronic stress leads to compensatory changes in adrenal, thyroid & other hormones wreaking metabolic havoc in your system. Plus other stressors contribute- poor diet, lack of sleep... Genetics play roll.
Confused cells. Immune system, especially, the adaptive part, views body organ systems as foreign invaders and attacks protectively. Our genetic makeup determines organ susceptibility, and environmental stimuli trigger the attack. This could be termed a biological mimicry. Classics include rheumatoid arthritis, ms, celiac disease, pernicious anemia, to name a few.

Need expert help here. What are some autoimmune diseases?

Too general. There are literally scores of autoimmune diseases. Your question needs to be more specific.
Several. The most common ones include thyroid diseases, diabetes, rheumatoid, lupus, but the list is nearly endless.

What is an autoimmune disease.? How could it be diagnosed.?

Body attacks self. Rheumatoid arthritis and lupus are examples where the body attacks itself. The diagnosis is complicated requiring an expert (typically a rheumatologist) abd requires extensive lab work.
An autoimmune. Disease is one that is caused by the immune system reacting against the patient themselves. It is hard to be more speicific, as this can affect a large number of different tissues or organs. There would not be "one" way to diagnose.
Autoimmune diseases. In auto immune disease the enemy is from with in. One 's own immune system for unknown reason turns against self and destroys or damages tissues, cells and targeted organs. Diagnosis depends upon which tissue, cell or organ is affected. Diagnosis is made on clinical picture with immunological studies targeted to cell, tissue organ involved and at times biopsy of affected tissues and organ.

What doctors treat autoimmune diseases?

Probably Not. Autoimmune diseases are best treated by rheumatologists in conjunction with one's pcp.

What are the autoimmune disease that causes baldness spots at the age of 29? what are the other symptoms needed to rule out the causes?

Alopecia areata (AA) AA is an autoimmune destruction of hair follicles in a patchy distribution in the scalp. See a dermatologist.
Bald spots. The most common condition is alopecia areata which has an autoimmune component. Interestingly, celiac disease can be connected to this disorder. Gluten sensitivity has increased 4 fold over the last 50 years and can manifest in a lot of ways. Try a gluten free diet for 3 months and it may help.
Lumpy or flat? If you have areas of hair loss with lumpy areas (or scar like tissue) in the region of hair loss, you may have an autoimmune skin condition called "discoid lupus" (DL) which is NOT SYSTEMIC LUPUS. If the bald areas are well circumscribed and flat, it may be alopecia areata (AA - several causes). They are treated differently. A Dermatologist can clarify what you have and how to treat.

What type of autoimmune disease attacks only brain cells and neurons without antibodies in blood work?

Multiple Sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is an immune-mediated/autoimmune disease that attack the myelin sheathes covering nerve axons but is not the result of an antibody-based autoimmune attack. It is thought to be the result of an attack by activated T-cells.
Autoimmune brain dz. Answers to your question include multiple sclerosis, rasmussen encephalitis, sometimes paraneoplastic diseases. Vasculitis conditions are numerous - some are not named. These attack blood vessels though, not neurons. Many of them have no blood test marker.
Several. The best known, of course in multiple sclerosis, but also, acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis in childhood, and a series of immune encephalitis conditions can be found. To date, no good blood test exists for MS, or ADEM, but one variant, neuromyelitis optica, can be confirmed via an anti-aquaporin study.

What do autoimmune diseases attack?

Any part of the body. Autoimmune illness happens when a person's immune system mistakenly targets her/his own cells, tissues, organs. Because of this, at least eighty, and probably many more, diseases are actually considered autoimmune in origin. The disease doesn't attack. It's the attack that caused the disease.
Autoimmune diseases. In auto immune disease the enemy is from with in. As name implies "auto" is self and "immune " is immune system. One 's own immune system for unknown reason turns against self and destroys or damages tissues or cells. List of auto immune disease are many and growing. End result is destruction of of tissues such as thyroid, pancreas or cells such as white cells, platelets etc.

What can cause an autoimmune disease?

"cellular confusion" Many diseases can be classified as autoimmune (rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease, multiple sclerosis, etc) immune system is designed to protect us from outside infections, toxins, and is programmed to recognize foreign objects. Sometimes body parts are mistakenly identified and our white blood cells attack our organ systems. Genetics, the environment, prior infections may trigger this error.
Autoimmune diseases. In auto immune disease the enemy is from with in. As name implies "auto" is self and "immune " is immune system. One 's own immune system for unknown reason turns against self and destroys or damages tissues or cells. List of auto immune disease are many and growing. End result is destruction of of tissues such as thyroid, pancreas or cells such as white cells, platelets etc.