No. Rheumatic is an improper usage. Rheumatoid is correct.
See below. Rheumatic arthritis is no longer used as a term for rheumatoid arthritis which is an autoimmune disease. Acute rheumatic fever, an infectious disease, can cause arthritis but it does not cause rheumatoid arthritis.
Yes. Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory disease that leads to the destruction of joints. Osteoarthritis is wear and tear destruction of the joint. In its late stages the destruction caused by rheumatoid arthritis mimics osteoarthritis. Once the joint surfaces get rough - for what ever reason - the wear and tear component dominates.
Local and Systemic. There are many difference between oteo and ra. Osteo usually local and the other is systemic. Morning stiffness lasts less than 60 mins; tends to get worse later throughout day. In RA morning stiffness lasts longer than 1 hour; worse in am; stiffness occurs in am & periods of rest. Common in both men and women. Before 50 more men than women, after 50 more women than men, RA effect women more.
General vs specific. Rheumatism is a general term used to refer problems of the joint or tissue. Rheumatoid arthritis is a specific diagnosis. It is a systemic, inflammatory process that can result in joint destruction. Early diagnosis and treatment is the key to controlling rheumatoid arthritis.
RA/osteoarthritis. Ra is a condition that is autoimmune, usually presenting earlier in life than osteoarthritis which is inflammation of the joints due to wear and tear.
Inflammation. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune inflammation that starts in the lining of joints. If it is severe, joint destruction may occur early but many treatments are available. Degenerative joint disease is cartilage wear and tear but much less inflammation. Few treatments are available but joint replacements are an option if the condition is severe.
Aging vs. Attacking. Osteoarthritis is often referred to as "wear and tear" arthritis that develops as we age. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks and destroys its own joints.
Inflammation. Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by inflammation in joints and that inflammation can lead to destruction and other chronic problems. Osteoarthritis is not typically considered an inflammatory disease. It is mostly associated with the aging process, post traumatic joint injuries, or what we would consider the arthritis resulting from wear and tear., treatments also differ dramatically.
Psoriatic vs rheumat. Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis that affects some people who have psoriasis (a condition that features red patches of skin topped with silvery scales). Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that typically affects the small joints in your hands and feet.
Different types. Although they are both called arthritis, they are two very different types. Each one has different causes and different manifestations. There can be certain similarities of therapy. We need to define each one because our clinical program, our clinical evaluation, and our therapy can differ. They have different types of immunologic processes involved in each of these. There are over 100 different types of arthritis.
RA vs lupus. They are both autoimmune diseases and they share many common symptoms. Lupus usually presents with a rash and effects one organ at the time, while RA presents with bilateral joint pain. To establish a diagnosis of RA, patient's history evaluation, examination, labs and radiographic imaging findings are used.