Not very. If you don't smoke, are mobile, have no family history of clotting disorders, it's rare to see a pe. It can happen, but not so common as a truck driver or someone with cancer.
Depends on details. Pregnancy is a risk factor for thrombosis "clots", which theoretically also raises your risk of pulmonary embolism. But it is hard to objectively state just how high an individual person's risk is. Factors that contribute include personal history of thromboembolic event, obesity, genetics (hypercoaguable disorder "hd"), acquired "hd", and lifestyle (activity levels, hydration, smoking).
Clotting tendency. Elevated homocysteine levels are usually due to a lack of frolic acid and other B vitamins. Chronic elevation can increase the chances of hardening of the arteries as well as increase the likelihood of blood clots. Dietary modifications and exercise can help protect from some of these problems.
The safest way. For you to get you tubes tied is in office adiana (if your doc has any adiana catheters left like I do) or in office essure, we keep all of our pts awake, if uterus is normal takes 5 minutes, much safer and easier and less chance of complications like pe than having a laparoscopic tubal under gerneral anesthesia in hospital and also cheaper so find a gyn than does in offcie procedures awake.
CT angiogram is. The gold standard for diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. Another alternative is nuclear medicine V/Q lung scan, but it is less specific and less accurate. Every diagnostic test or maneuver has risk/benefit ratio. In cases where the clinical suspicion of PE is high, the risk of radiation dosage of CT angio is considered much less than the potential benefits of accurate diagnosis.
My d diner was elevated and they ruled out pulmonary embolism, they told me I was fine but what do you think, because now I have pain on my left ft so?
Ddimer is. A relatively non specific marker...Good news on ct scan.
You should talk. To your doctor. A d-dimer test is a non-specific test for blood clot breakdown products. It does not tell you where the clot is. If your leg hurts you should be checked for deep vein thrombosis (dvt). You should discuss this with your doctor as there are multiple treatments for dvt. You do not have a blood clot to your lung (pe) now but if you have DVT this could happen in the future.
Estrogens. The increased circulating Estrogens have a pro-thrombotic effect, making clotting more likely. To a lesser degree, the pregnant uterus may constrict the vena cava, which can lead to dvt, but this effect is not as powerful as the hormones.
Blood clots. The main reason for the increased risk during pregnancy is the change in blood clotting. Pregnancy hormones are believed to change how the blood the clots. Reduced venous blood flow from the legs may also predispose to a blood clot that may break off and travel to the lungs i.e. Pulmonary embolism.