8 doctors weighed in:
What are the disadvantages of female circumcision?
8 doctors weighed in

Dr. Stephen Sudler
Obstetrics & Gynecology
4 doctors agree
In brief: MANY DISADVANTAGES
No health benefits, only harm fgm has no health benefits, and it harms girls and women in many ways.
It involves removing and damaging healthy and normal female genital tissue, and interferes with the natural functions of girls' and women's bodies. Immediate complications can include severe pain, shock, haemorrhage (bleeding), tetanus or sepsis (bacterial infection), urine retention, open sores.

In brief: MANY DISADVANTAGES
No health benefits, only harm fgm has no health benefits, and it harms girls and women in many ways.
It involves removing and damaging healthy and normal female genital tissue, and interferes with the natural functions of girls' and women's bodies. Immediate complications can include severe pain, shock, haemorrhage (bleeding), tetanus or sepsis (bacterial infection), urine retention, open sores.
Dr. Stephen Sudler
Dr. Stephen Sudler
Thank
1 comment
Dr. George Klauber
Clitoris, major erotic sensory area of penis is ampuated. Thus female circumcision is female genital mutilation and considered a criminal act in all civilized cultures & countries.
Dr. Heidi Fowler
Psychiatry
2 doctors agree
In brief: In 1980, terminology
Changed from female circumcision to female genital mutilation (fgm) in many places.
Female genital mutilation can lead to death, severe chronic pain, hemorrhage, urinary retention, urinary tract infections, keloid scars, strictures, fistula, incontinence, infertility, painful intercourse, painful periods, neuroma, recurrent infections, septicemia, transmission of hepatitis, tetanus, HIV & >.

In brief: In 1980, terminology
Changed from female circumcision to female genital mutilation (fgm) in many places.
Female genital mutilation can lead to death, severe chronic pain, hemorrhage, urinary retention, urinary tract infections, keloid scars, strictures, fistula, incontinence, infertility, painful intercourse, painful periods, neuroma, recurrent infections, septicemia, transmission of hepatitis, tetanus, HIV & >.
Dr. Heidi Fowler
Dr. Heidi Fowler
Thank
1 comment
Dr. Heidi Fowler
& difficulty with childbirth. Many girls & women suffer from anxiety and depression related to the practice.
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