Are there some new treatments in sickle cell anemia?

Hydroxyurea. While not really new, the most effective relatively new intervention for sickle cell disease is giving Hydroxyurea to stimulate the bone marrow to produce red cells containing more fetal hemoglobin. Fetal hemoglobin protects against sickling. Patients have fewer crises, may maintain splenic function over a longer period of time, have lower incidence of pulmonary hypertension, etc.

Related Questions

What is the treatment for sickle cell anemia?

Chronic. Treatment focus is on maintaining hemoglobin levels, preventing "sickle crises", and preventing complications. Depending on blood levels and frequency of sickle crises an outpatient program of blood transfusions will be set up by the hematologist. Preventing complications such as strokes, pneumonias, etc. Is a goal. Hydrea (hydroxyurea) use can help in reducing crises. Some pts can get bone marrow transplants. Read more...

What is the best treatment for sickle cell anemia?

Fluids, pain meds. Acutely, give IV fluids and pain medication. Long term patient may need hydroxyurea, bone marrow transplant. Watch high altitudes. This is why the one of the pittsburgh steelers cannot play in denver any longer because of the low o2 tension at such a high altitude. Exchange transfusion is another method of treatment. Read more...

Can you please suggest treatment of sickle cell anemia?

No single treatment. Comprehensive sickle cell care at any age increases life expectancy of patients with sickle cell anemia. Children form birth to 5 years of age should receive penicillin prophylaxis. Children should receive immunizations on time. Newer data suggest that most sickle cell patients, including young children, benefit from hydroxyurea. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is potentially curative. Read more...

What are your treatment options for sickle cell anemia?

Follow up. Close follow up by hematology doctor ,hydration ,folic acid 1 mg/day ,treatment for pain and pain crises,yearly ophthalmology to detect early retinal disease. Read more...

Are there any side effects or risks to treatment of sickle cell anemia?

Which treatment. There are many treatments for sickle cell. I will discuss one. Doctors are studying the long-term effects of Hydroxyurea on people who have sickle cell anemia. Studies in very young children have shown that Hydroxyurea can be given safely and that it improves anemia and Hemoglobin F levels while reducing complications of sickle cell anemia. Read more...

What is the currently the best treatment for sickle cell anemia acute chest syndrome?

Multiple treatments. Management includes macrolide antibiotics (such as azithromycin), supplemental oxygen, modest hydration and often simple transfusion. In addition, good respiratory toilet (chest physiotherapy, incentive spirometry) and pain management is key. It is essential that patients with acute chest are closely monitored, since this syndrome can rapidly deteriorate (exchange transfusion may be needed). Read more...
Hospitalization. Acute chest syndrome(acs) in sickle cell disease is a very serious complication and can be fatal. Generally, acs will require hospitalization of the patient and a long period of observation with supportive care. The best treatments are prompt diagnosis and recognition, IV hydration, broad spectrum antiobitics, oxygen, if necessary an exchange or simple transfusion. Read more...

What is the availability of treatment for sickle cell anemia in developed and underdeveloped countries?

Sickle cell. Treatment for sickle cell anemia is mainly supportive care- such as hydroxy urea, blood transfusion, hydration, iron chelating agent, pain support for crisis, o2 etc. These supportive treatment are available everywhere-in develop/underdeveloped countries. Bone marrow transplantation is the only thing that can cure sickle cell anemia. In underdeveloped countries- this option may not be available. . Read more...

What are some ways (self-treatment) to prevent or help deal with sickle cell anemia?

Depends. It depends on the type of sickle cell anemia. Assuming hemoglobin ss disease we recommend good hydration, avoidance of heavy exercise, avoidance of nicotine. It is really a cumbersome topic though these are the major ones. I would ask your physician, they should be able to provide you with education on prevention of sickle cell crises. Sickle cell is genetic, inherited from mom and dad. Read more...