What is pleural effusion?

Fluid. Pleural effusion is fluid build up around the lung. If the fluid is large it can compress the lung. Fluid build up around the lung can come from pneumonia, infection, heart disease, less likely from a traumatic injury.

Related Questions

Anyone know what is a pleural effusion?

Fluid. Pleural effusion is a build up of fluid around the lung, and can compress the lung & cause breathing difficulty. The fluid can occur from heart failure, infection, tumor, etc. Read more...
Fluid pleural space. The pleusa is a specialized tissue that lines the lung(visceral pleura) and the thorax(parietal pleura), every day it is estimated up to 9 liters of fluid could be exchanged in between the pleuras. This fluid traverses the pleural spaces and gets absorbed in the visceral pleuras. The process is seamless but conditions that affect the pleura or the lungs may result in fluid buildup in the space. Read more...

What should I do about pleural effusion?

Determine cause. Pleural effusions, or fluid build-up around the lungs, is not normal. Pleural effusions can arise from infection, heart failure, liver failure, malignancies or trauma. The treatment will depend on the cause. Your doctor will need to run some tests and may need to sample some of the fluid to characterize it. If there is a lot of fluid and you are symptomatic, thoracentesis may be required. Read more...

I was wondering what are the differences between pleural effusion and empyema?

Yes/no infection. Pleural effusion is fluid in the space around but outside the lung (s). It could be reactive or is subdivided to transudative or exudative. The exudative, once frank pus from infection is seen is called empyema. Read more...
Pus/fluid. Empyema is pus in the chest or a purulent effusion and an effusion is a fluid collection, may be serous, purulent, hemorrhagic, para pneumonic. Read more...