Neither >> Particles
Cholesterol, a fat made by all our cells & ~30% of fat molecules of all our cell membranes, has never been the correct issue.
It was promoted because (as a fat within all lipoprotein
particles) it was cheaper to measure & if very high (esp. Fasting) tended to correlate with high LDL
particle concentrations. In the later 1970's lipoprotein measurements cost $5, 000/sample now NMR particle test <$100.