What is hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

Heart disease. Obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disorder that is one of the leading causes of sudden cardiac death in young people, particularly athletes. It is quite rare, but can be devastating in its ability to produce fatal arrhythmias. It is also a serious cause of heart failure due to decreased blood flow through the aortic valve to due obstruction of flow by the ventricular septum.

Related Questions

What exactly is obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Genetic heart prob. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disease, typically affecting one of the proteins that are a part of the contractile apparatus of the heart. Most causes are inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion. It is possible to not have inherited disease, but rather have a de novo mutation. Typically, there is abnormal thickening of the left ventricle. Sudden death can occur. Read more...

What are the tests for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

Echocardiogram. Echocardiogram is the definitive test for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a disease whose greatest risk is that of fatal heart rhythm disturbance, regardless of whether it is obstructive or not. The presence of this abnormality on echocardiogram usually requires the placement of a defibrillator to prevent sudden cardiac death. Read more...

What are the symptoms of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

Several. Some patients may be asymptomatic, but others have symptoms that range from exertional fatigue to overt anginal chest pain, to exertional shortness of breath, to overt heart failure with severe shortness of breath on low levels of exertion. The extreme involves syncope from near fatal or fatal ventricular arrhythmias, to fatal or non-fatal myocardial infarction (heart attack). Read more...

What is the treatment for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

Echocardiogram. Echocardiogram is the definitive test for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a disease whose greatest risk is that of fatal heart rhythm disturbance, regardless of whether it is obstructive or not. The presence of this abnormality on echocardiogram usually requires the placement of a defibrillator to prevent sudden cardiac death. Read more...
Medical and surgical. The treatment for hcm is based on symptoms and degree of hypertrophy. Hcm causes obstruction of outflow of blood from the heart, potentially life-threatening arrhythmias and heart failure. Medical treatments include beta blockers and anti-arrhythmic meds. Surgery involves removal of muscle tissue (myectomy); placement of an aicd; alcohol ablation. Follow up with you cardiologist! Read more...

Can you describe hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

Thick heart muscle. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy is an abnormal thickening of the heart muscle, particularly of the ventricles. Often the septum, the wall between the ventricles, is much thicker than the other walls. When the heart contracts, this abnormally thick septum creates a narrow area that can block, or "obstruct", the flow of blood out of the left ventricle. Read more...
Thickened heart. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (hocm) is a genetic condition that causes excessive thickening of the myocardium (heart muscle) as a result of abnormalities with the genes that control heart muscle cell growth. Often one part of the heart is thicker than other parts. Heart muscle thickening may make if more difficult for the heart to relax and fill, and harder for blood to leave the heart. Read more...

I have hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, anyway I can do?

HCM. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a serious risk factor for sudden death with exertion. See your cardiologist to discuss the risk before participating in any competitive sports or heavy exertional exercise. Read more...

I have hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. What is my prognosis?

Cardiomyopathy. Prognosis is fair to good with continued treatment & life-style changes (quit smoking, reduce stress, lose weight, no alcohol or drugs, get enough sleep & rest, take medications regularly as prescribed). Read more...

I have hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. How can I cope with this?

Knowledge=power. Most important is to understand what this diagnosis means, and what the risk is to you as an individual. The manifestation of this genetic abnormality is extremely variable, so you cannot assume what you read about applies to your case. A cardiologist with experience in this disease can advise you on your risk of heart arrhythmia, as well as exercise that should be safe, or avoided, in your case. Read more...
A hard diagnosis... To understand and deal with, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may be treated in a variety of ways to avoid a sudden cardiac arrest. However, i would connect with information on the website for the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy association, www.4hcm.Org. This might provide some helpful resources for you. Read more...