VSDs. Ventricular septal defects are by far the most common congenital cardiac defects in general and in diabetics in particular.
Bicuspid aortic valv. The most common congenital heart defect is bicuspid aortic valve. The other most common defects are atrial septal defects, ventricular septal defects, and patent ductus arteriosus.
Nope. Most congenital heart defects can be prevented with Folic Acid preconceptionally and have nothing to do with mitochondrial disorders.
VSDs. Ventricular septal defects are by far the most common congenital cardiac defects.
ASD and VSD. Atrial and ventricular septal defects are generally considered the most common forms of congenital heart disease. There are some differences based on geographic location, sex, and race as well, but ASDs and VSDs are generally most common among all human beings.
Tetralogy of Fallot. Tof- ventricular septal defect, (vsd, hole between the right and left ventricles), narrowing of the pulmonary outflow tract (the valve and artery that connect the heart with the lungs), overriding aorta (the artery that carries oxygen-rich blood to the body) shifted over the right ventricle and vsd instead of coming out only from the left ventricle, and thickened right ventricle.
ToF/TGA. As other's mentioned, Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common form of cyanotic congenital heart disease in the US overall/after infancy. In some regions, transposition of the great arteries is the most common in the newborn period.
Broad category. This label applies to some problems that self correct and some that need heart surgery. The specifics are defined by the defect. Have an evaluation done by the most qualifies source available. Once the information is in, a plan can be formulated.
Be more specific. There are many different types of congenital heart defects. In all cases, management is best supervised by a pediatric cardiologist in partnership with the primary care physician.
Born with it. It is a heart defect you are born with. It may be simple, moderate, or very serious. They include "holes in the heart", valve problems, malformed or absent chambers, valves, or blood vessels. Just under 1 % of all babies are born with some type of defect, often minor and temporary. They are usually diagnosed shortly after birth, occasionally much later.
They can be. Multifactorial inheritance is seen with most congenital defects (including cardiac), meaning they more likely to recur in future pregnancies if the first one is affected (or if the mother or father is affected). Obviously, syndromic cases will have stronger genetic inheritance and more mendelian vertical transmission.
Depends on variables. There are a few syndromes with high frequency of specific heart defects that can have inheritance risk up to 50%. Most, however, are part of a complex inheritance pattern with around 5% risk. This 5% would include any pattern of congenital heart defect, not necessarily the same one.
Many. Shortness of breath, dusky appearance & arryrhythimias can all be signs amongst others. Get an echocardiogram and consult with an age appropriate cardiologist.
Lots of symptoms. Can be related to chd. Rhythm problems, dizziness, fainting, water accumulation in legs or torso, difficulty breathing, nightly cough, weakness..... And lots more.
Some causes. Heredity some families have more than one generation with defects. Congenital syndromes such as Down syndrome, Holt-Oram, Trisomies 13 and 18. Smoking and alcohol abuse during pregnancy have been associated with heart defects. In most instances cause of heart defect not known.