When is surgery indicated for? A ventricular septal defect?

Variable. A small vsd may close spontaneously as a baby grows or the babies system may decompensate under the strain of the extra work & progress to heart failure. Many times this can be managed for a time with meds. If baby is thriving on meds & close observation, they may wait before repairing the defect. This decision is made by the surgeon & pedi-cardiologist based on individual factors.

Related Questions

If a child has a small hole in the heart called a muskular ventricular septal defect, does that need surgery.?

Maybe. Depending on the amount of symptoms it aortic root involvement. A vsd is the most common congenital heart defect and even in childhood many go on to close themselves not requiring surgery.
Usually not. A muscular ventricular septal defect (vsd) is a special type of vsd (there are many kinds). The vast majority of small muscular vsds require no treatment, and 90% close up by themselves by a year of age. Only large defects or those associated with other heart problems are likely to require surgery.
Rarely. Most of the muscular vsd's specially if small and single spontaneously close. Periodic echocardiographic follow up advised. Strict oral hygiene to lower risk of cavities or tooth abcess is advised as well as prophillactic antibioic therapy prior to oral instrumentation. A pediatric dentist and pediatric cardiologist advised.
It depends. A vsd only requires surgery if it's large enough or if it causes problems with the aortic valve or other adjacent structures.

How do you treat a? Ventricular septal defect?

No u. Depending on the size, sometimes a vsd will close on its own. Other times a patch or surgery is required.
Varies. This is one of the more common congenital heart defects and many pediatricians recognize it by location and sound at birth or within a few days. As many as 1/2 will close on their own by a year of age. The bigger ones may produce no murmur early on and may require patching when they are old enough & big enough for the docs to consider the timing right.

I have a ventricular septal defect (vsd). Is it dangerous, and will my baby have the same condition?

Tell OB & Peds docs. If a pregnant woman has a congenital heart defect, there is an increased chance her children will have a heart defect. However, it might be a different heart abnormality. Because the anomaly might not be detected in a fetus with an OB ultrasound or echocardiogram, babies at risk are often seen by a pediatric cardiologist and/or undergo an echo after birth. Sometimes a defect appears later in life.
Notify your doctors. Most vsds spontaneously close, or would have been repaired in childhood. If your vsd is still patent your cardiologist and OB should confer and determine the effect that pregnancy will have upon your heart. Your child does have an increased risk of congenital heart disease. Get an ultrasound to check your infant's heart before birth, see the pediatrician and discuss this before baby is born.
Get records to know. Women who have a congenital heart defect surprisingly may know little about it. In some cases there are few symptoms between infancy and the time they get pregnant. They should ask their parents for information, get records from all their doctors and from any hospitalizations including when they were born, and see their cardiologist and an OB specialist about risk before trying to conceive (ttc).
Probably not. Vsds are a common type of congenital heart defect, affecting. 2% of the population, however most of them close on there own. There is no evidence that having a vsd is a risk factor for baby to have a vsd as well. More importantly, as a future mom, your good health is very important for your baby's good health so I would recommend that you have an echocardiogram to check out the vsd appropriately.

What are the signs of? A ventricular septal defect?

VSD. A vsd is a hole between the bottom two pumping chambers of the heart. Symptoms are usually based on age and size. A young infant born with a large vsd can progressive to congestive heart failure. The right ventricle receives extra blood flow from the left and sends it to the lungs resulting in fluid overload. Some medications used are Lasix (furosemide) to manage medically as infant gains weight before surgery.

What is the symptoms of having a ventricular septal defect?

Depends on size. Many vsds are mild and close on their own. Some are quite big and need surgery to repair them. Symptoms can be nothing to fatigue from shunting blood the wrong way. There is usually a loud heart murmur but that does not cause symptoms alone. A cardiologist can provide more information for the specific patient.
Depends on age. Symptoms depend on age and the size of the vsd. Small vsds usually are asymptomatic except for a murmur heard on exam. Moderate to large vsds usually present with respiratory distress, sweating, poor feeding and poor weight gain in infants (1-2 mo old). Also exercise intolerance in older children.

What symptoms are associated with a ventricular septal defect?

Usually None. Vsd's in kids rarely causes any symptoms. Theoretically signs of heart failure such as shortness of breath, fatigue, paleness may occur.
Depends. Small vsds cause no symptoms. Large vsds in babies cause difficulty with feeding, gaining weight, and excessive sweating. If someone has a relatively large vsd that is not treated early in life, this will eventually cause pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the lung arteries), which makes it hard for blood to get throught the lungs. This eventually causes the patient to turn blue.