Slightly increased. Dependent upon your diagnosis, the chance of your children having chd increase from around 1% to anywhere from 2-4%. If you have a genetic disorder the chances can significantly increase.
Very unlikely. In some conditions, having a parent with congenital heart disease raises the relative risk that their child may have congenital heart disease. Even with this increased risk, the chances of having a specific child affected are probably only around 1%. You should speak with your cardiologist or a geneticist to get a closer approximation of your risk.
What are the chances of a parent having congenital heart disease and? Passing it onto their children?
Low. If parent has chd, chance of child is less than 2%.
Varies. Most CHD is polygenicm meaning it travels on multiple genes/chromosomes. Their offspring have about 4% risk of any (not just the same) CHD. If the other parent has any form of CHD it jumps to about 10%. There are some forms of CHD that are associated with gene based dominant or recessive syndromes. For these it depends on the syndrome. A geneticist can provide a better number with more history/data.
Yes. Both short term and long term outcomes depend on the exact type of congenital heart disease. The great majority of children with congenital heart disease will go on to live a normal or near normal life, even if they require open heart surgery. Almost every child born with congenital heart disease was options for successful care. Best care is delivered at congenital heart centers.
Depends. Congenital heart disease have had significant advances in technology of diagnosis and treatment. Especially with surgical treatments. So much so that there is now a specialty in cardiology kown as "adult congenital cardiology" dedicated to the care of adults born with congenital heart disease. To answer your question it depends on the details of the disease. Some may not affect life span, some will.
If I was born with a congenital heart disease are there any precautions I should take before going on long flights?
Depends on type. If you have a "cyanotic" congenital heart disease, you may need to wear oxygen during the flight. If your room air oxygen saturation (your doctor can check this) is <95%, you may need oxygen, and if <92%, you probably will. (managing passengers with respiratory disease planning air travel: bts recommendations. British thoracic society standards of care committee, thorax. 2002:57 (4):289.).
DVT precautions. If your heart disease causes a problem with circulation in your legs, then you might want to consider wearing compression stockings to help prevent getting a deep vein thrombosis or a blood clot in your legs that can break off and cause real problems. This is definitely something to chat with your doctor about.
Too vague. Congenital heart disease is an incredibly broad term, encompassing critical life-threatening & debilitating conditions as well as transient defects with no real clinical effect. With the more severe defects, any supplement or homeopathic medication should really be discussed with the PCP (especially if there is any history of arrhythmias), while mild defects may not need any special consideration.
Yes. Entirely possible. The safety would depend on the nature of the congenital heart disease.
Flow demands. The fetal heart is required to do about half the work of living outside. Blood from the body is pumped through the heart back to the body & placenta without going through the lungs. Mom also does the work of providing nutrients, removing waste & keeping temperature stable. After birth, the heart must pump thru the lungs & do more work. The additional load can lead the heart to fail.
What is the percentage of oxygen is needed by a congenital heart disease patient? This patient is 3 month old.
O2 sat. Depends on the patients oxygen saturation, normal saturation is greater than 94%, however chd patients can compensate for lower values.
Above 80. If a cyanotic heart lesion cannot be repaired yet, saturations are acceptable over 80. Sometimes if there are no good options for surgery due to size or other risk factors, upper 70's are tolerated. In the usa most will have sats in the mid 80s before complete repair.
Born with it. Congenital heart disease is a general term given to people who are born with a heart problem (s). Around 25% of the people with congenital heart disease are considered critical and require surgery or catheter intervention within the first year of life.
Risk for babies. Many young women who had congenital heart disease (heart defect at birth) are having babies themselves now. A couple with a history of any type of congenital heart abnormality should ask for consultation with and fetal echo ultrasound study by mfm (maternal-fetal) or pediatric cardiology subspecialist. The fetus has an increased chance for heart defect which can differ from another in the family.
Defect at birth. Congenital heart disease is a problem with the heart's structure and/or function that is present at birth. It is the most common type of birth defect, and causes more deaths in the first year of life than any other birth defects. Treatment depends upon the condition, some require no treatment, others need critical intervention to survive. It affects 8-10 of each 1000 births.