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When is surgery needed for?Congenital heart defects?
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Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
Obstetrics & Gynecology - Maternal Fetal Medicine
In brief: For poor oxygen flow
When the nature of the defect is such that oxygen-poor blood goes to the carotids and/or coronaries, then corrective surgery must be utilized to modify the condition into one compatible with long-term survival.

In brief: For poor oxygen flow
When the nature of the defect is such that oxygen-poor blood goes to the carotids and/or coronaries, then corrective surgery must be utilized to modify the condition into one compatible with long-term survival.
Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
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