For poor oxygen flow. When the nature of the defect is such that oxygen-poor blood goes to the carotids and/or coronaries, then corrective surgery must be utilized to modify the condition into one compatible with long-term survival.
Need ped cardiology help finding out the statistics of congenital heart defects & follow up surgery?
Yes. Pediatric cardiologists are specially trained in congenital heart disease and are a wealth of information on such matters.
Be specific. You question would have to be answered by copying a 1000+ pages textbook. What is it you want to know?
VSDs. Ventricular septal defects are by far the most common congenital cardiac defects.
ASD and VSD. Atrial and ventricular septal defects are generally considered the most common forms of congenital heart disease. There are some differences based on geographic location, sex, and race as well, but ASDs and VSDs are generally most common among all human beings.
A number of things. The prognosis for children with congenital heart defects really depends on the exact nature of the defect. Some are easily correctable by surgery, some don't need surgery at all and others need a series of more complicated surgeries. In any case keeping in close contact with your pediatrician and cardiologist is very important. Good nutrition will help your child heal well.
Depends. Congenital heart disease covers a wide range from life-threatening to benign. Start with your pediatrician, who can refer you to a pediatric cardiologist, who can make the right diagnosis, and advise you about prognosis and treatment.
Frequently not usual. Some congenital cardiac defects can be lethal - but most are not.
No. In fact, most babies with congenital heart disease are expected to reach adulthood. Some of the more severe lesions have up to a 30% mortality in the first year, however these are less common than the more treatable defects.
Depends. It depends on the defect but ekg and echo will pick up almost all. The specific signs and symptoms depend entirely on what the defect is. Many have no symptoms or symptoms that only develop later in life.
Echo and cath.. From an imaging standpoint, an echocardiogram and cardiac catheterization would give the most definitive answers for a congenital heart defect. These studies can define the anatomy and function so decisions can be made regarding therapy.
My fiance has congenital heart defects and now I wonder what I am getting into. Will this affect his ability to work?
It depends! It depends on which congenital heart defects he has, what surgeries have been done to repair them, and what his current cardiac status is now. I recommend having your fiance schedule an appointment with his cardiologist, so that you can ask his cardiologist these questions.
Depends. This depends on what the congenital heart defect is, the severity of the defect, was it operated on early in life, does he need heart meds or further surgery.
Fontan Procedure. The fontan is a surgery that connects the inferior venacava (ivc) to the pulmonary arteries. The fontan is the final surgery for patients who have a single ventricle or single ventricle physiology. This means that the blue blood, desaturated blood retruning to the heart is directed to the lungs without being pumped through the heart.
Depends on where. Holes in the heart are defects in the walls separating the upper chambers or lower chambers. Some will close on their own, some will stay open but are not associated with pathology and some need surgical correction.
Best treatment is. Tailored to the individual, therefore you have to know the details like location, size and other factors to decide which type of catheter intervention or surgery should be done.
They can be. Multifactorial inheritance is seen with most congenital defects (including cardiac), meaning they more likely to recur in future pregnancies if the first one is affected (or if the mother or father is affected). Obviously, syndromic cases will have stronger genetic inheritance and more mendelian vertical transmission.
Depends on variables. There are a few syndromes with high frequency of specific heart defects that can have inheritance risk up to 50%. Most, however, are part of a complex inheritance pattern with around 5% risk. This 5% would include any pattern of congenital heart defect, not necessarily the same one.