No. In fact, most babies with congenital heart disease are expected to reach adulthood. Some of the more severe lesions have up to a 30% mortality in the first year, however these are less common than the more treatable defects.
Frequently not usual. Some congenital cardiac defects can be lethal - but most are not.
They can be. Multifactorial inheritance is seen with most congenital defects (including cardiac), meaning they more likely to recur in future pregnancies if the first one is affected (or if the mother or father is affected). Obviously, syndromic cases will have stronger genetic inheritance and more mendelian vertical transmission.
Depends on variables. There are a few syndromes with high frequency of specific heart defects that can have inheritance risk up to 50%. Most, however, are part of a complex inheritance pattern with around 5% risk. This 5% would include any pattern of congenital heart defect, not necessarily the same one.
Many. Shortness of breath, dusky appearance & arryrhythimias can all be signs amongst others. Get an echocardiogram and consult with an age appropriate cardiologist.
Lots of symptoms. Can be related to chd. Rhythm problems, dizziness, fainting, water accumulation in legs or torso, difficulty breathing, nightly cough, weakness..... And lots more.
Some causes. Heredity some families have more than one generation with defects. Congenital syndromes such as Down syndrome, Holt-Oram, Trisomies 13 and 18. Smoking and alcohol abuse during pregnancy have been associated with heart defects. In most instances cause of heart defect not known.
For poor oxygen flow. When the nature of the defect is such that oxygen-poor blood goes to the carotids and/or coronaries, then corrective surgery must be utilized to modify the condition into one compatible with long-term survival.
Depends. It depends on the defect but ekg and echo will pick up almost all. The specific signs and symptoms depend entirely on what the defect is. Many have no symptoms or symptoms that only develop later in life.
Echo and cath.. From an imaging standpoint, an echocardiogram and cardiac catheterization would give the most definitive answers for a congenital heart defect. These studies can define the anatomy and function so decisions can be made regarding therapy.
My fiance has congenital heart defects and now I wonder what I am getting into. Will this affect his ability to work?
It depends! It depends on which congenital heart defects he has, what surgeries have been done to repair them, and what his current cardiac status is now. I recommend having your fiance schedule an appointment with his cardiologist, so that you can ask his cardiologist these questions.
Depends. This depends on what the congenital heart defect is, the severity of the defect, was it operated on early in life, does he need heart meds or further surgery.
VSDs. Ventricular septal defects are by far the most common congenital cardiac defects.
ASD and VSD. Atrial and ventricular septal defects are generally considered the most common forms of congenital heart disease. There are some differences based on geographic location, sex, and race as well, but ASDs and VSDs are generally most common among all human beings.
Be more specific. Congenital heart defects are come in all types. Some common, some rare. Also, the prognosis and treatments can be very different. Please ask a more specific question, or see a doctor, .
They can be, Saunas can increase the maternal core temperature and lead to fetal anatomical defects, particularly open neural tube and cardiac.
Chd. No they are congenital.