Whats cosmetic vs reconstructive surgeon or plastic surgeon?

Anyone can. Legally call themselves a "cosmetic surgeon". But only a plastic surgeon who has passed the exams on the american board of plastic surgery is a board-certified plastic surgeon.
Plastic is a board. American board of plastic surgery is the only specialty board recognized by the american board of medical speciaties (abms) that is certified to oversee the training of plastic surgeons. Many other specialties perform cosmetic or aesthetic procedures (intended to beautify). Similarly reconstructive procedures intended to rebuild or restore function are performed by other specialties.
Let me explain. A plastic surgeon is fully trained in both reconstructive and cosmetic surgery. The term "cosmetic" surgeon is a newer term used for various reasons to describe physicians that focus primarily or exclusively on cosmetic procedures.
Confusing, huh? Most plastic surgeons do both cosmetic and reconstructive surgery. Reconstructive surgery starts with an abnormal feature and attempts to bring it closer to normal. Cosmetic surgery starts with a normal feature and attempts to make it better. A plastic surgeon is one certified by the american board of plastic surgery. I hope that makes sense!

Related Questions

What does it mean when the cosmetic plastic surgeon say that I need 700 neografts?

700 neografts? That is in Hair Transplantation, using the device that produces the hair grafts thus called Neo Grafts. Each NeoGraft could have 1 to 4 shafts in it. Best to return to this doctor to be explained IN DETAIL the process... Read more...

What would you consider to be the top two minimalist and simple procedures that a cosmetic plastic surgeon can do on the face (for wrinkles)?

Wrinkle treatment. 1. Skin care with medical grade products 2. Botox depending on the area - this will soften lines caused by muscle movement such as those on forehead, around eyes, and glabella region. Other options are available depending on depth of lines and skin type including peels and laser resurfacing. Downtime associated with those treatments depend on their depth but range from 1-7 days (longer for deeper). Read more...
Botox and Fillers. Botox can be used to paralyze muscles that may be responsible for the appearance of some facial lines. Fillers may be used to “fill in” (add volume) facial lines. Read more...

Should I go to a cosmetic plastic surgeon, dermatolgist or esthetician for acne scar/hyperpigmentation. I would like laser produces or peels done.

See a Specialist. You should see either a dermatologist or cosmetic surgeon who specializes in acne scarring, cosmetic surgery and lasers. They would own many lasers and have many years of experience treating acne scarring, hyperpigmentation and other disorders. Chemical acid peels do not work as well as lasers but some doctors do not own any lasers and only offer chemical peels. But lasers cost more. Read more...
Consider Derm first. I would generally recommend that you see a dermatologist first for several reasons. The first is to determine the cause and treatment of existing or ongoing or recurrent attacks to minimize future disease. This can take some time but is your best investment. Read more...
Derm for pigment. Dermatologist are uniquely trained to deal with pigmentation problems. Dermatologists with lasers are better able to treat both problems at the same time and to use peels if they feel you would do better with that modality . Read more...