6 doctors weighed in:
What causes temporomandibular joint dysfunction to develop?
6 doctors weighed in

Dr. Daniel Quon
Surgery - Oral & Maxillofacial
3 doctors agree
In brief: Number of causes
Tmj dysfunction and pathology can have a number of causes.
Some of these may include, congenital anomalies, trauma, abnormal habits, occlusion or bite problems that may be teeth and/or skeletal related, autoimmune diseases (arthritis, etc), tumors, and certain lifestyles. Unfortunately, having some dental procedures peformed may also initiate some symptoms associated with TMJ dysfunction.

In brief: Number of causes
Tmj dysfunction and pathology can have a number of causes.
Some of these may include, congenital anomalies, trauma, abnormal habits, occlusion or bite problems that may be teeth and/or skeletal related, autoimmune diseases (arthritis, etc), tumors, and certain lifestyles. Unfortunately, having some dental procedures peformed may also initiate some symptoms associated with TMJ dysfunction.
Dr. Daniel Quon
Dr. Daniel Quon
Thank
Dr. David Astrachan
ENT - Head & Neck Surgery
2 doctors agree
In brief: Usually overuse
Usually overuse from gum chewing, teeth grinding tension or stress.
People who like chewy and crunchy foods are a more risk. Crunching ice etc.... The key to treatment is first to try a softer diet.

In brief: Usually overuse
Usually overuse from gum chewing, teeth grinding tension or stress.
People who like chewy and crunchy foods are a more risk. Crunching ice etc.... The key to treatment is first to try a softer diet.
Dr. David Astrachan
Dr. David Astrachan
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Dr. Louis Gallia
Surgery - Oral & Maxillofacial
In brief: Few thoughts
Causes of TMJ syndrome are not completely understood.
. Causes may include, misalignment (malocclusion) of or trauma to the teeth or jaw, teeth grinding (bruxism),, poor posture, stress or anxiety, arthritis or other inflammatory musculoskeletal disorders, excessive gum chewing. Treatment can be complex and beyond the scope of this answer. See a TMJ expert for guidance.

In brief: Few thoughts
Causes of TMJ syndrome are not completely understood.
. Causes may include, misalignment (malocclusion) of or trauma to the teeth or jaw, teeth grinding (bruxism),, poor posture, stress or anxiety, arthritis or other inflammatory musculoskeletal disorders, excessive gum chewing. Treatment can be complex and beyond the scope of this answer. See a TMJ expert for guidance.
Dr. Louis Gallia
Dr. Louis Gallia
Thank
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