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What are the causes of congenital anomalies besides bad genes?

1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
Obstetrics & Gynecology - Maternal Fetal Medicine

In brief: Accidents.

Early accidents in the cellular or molecular level can lead to birth defects even when the genetic make-up of the conceptus is normal.
Examples: amniotic band sequence, previable rupture of membranes, in utero infections (e.g. Cmv, rubella, toxoplasmosis, herpes, syphilis, hiv), teratogens (heat, drugs, radiation, environmental toxins, alcohol), pregestational diabetes mellitus.

In brief: Accidents.

Early accidents in the cellular or molecular level can lead to birth defects even when the genetic make-up of the conceptus is normal.
Examples: amniotic band sequence, previable rupture of membranes, in utero infections (e.g. Cmv, rubella, toxoplasmosis, herpes, syphilis, hiv), teratogens (heat, drugs, radiation, environmental toxins, alcohol), pregestational diabetes mellitus.
Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
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