Can a person who doesn't have asthma, have an acute bronchial attack?

Acute Bronchitis. Yes one can get an attack of Acute Bronchitis which may be due to viral or bacterial infection. Other irritants like smoke or pollution also may cause this condition less frequently. It causes cough and may last 10 to 20 days and gradually gets better. It may also cause wheezing and rhonchi in the chest on auscultation.
Yes. Acute bronchial attacks can occur in anyone. In a person without a history of asthma, a respiratory infection is the most frequent cause. Acute bronchial irritation can also result from exposure to an irritant. Seek medical attention to get a specific diagnosis and treatment. Some persons newly become predisposed to have irritable airways, and asthma, after a case of acute bronchitis.