What is respiratory distress syndrome in a baby?

Prematurity. Leads to immature lunga with inadequate surfactant, a detergent that helps keep alveoli open. High o2 concentrations can cause retrolentil fibroplasoia leading to blindness.

Related Questions

What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

RDS. We build lungs in stages like a house. One of the final stages is the production of a soapy material called surfactant that lines the inside of air sacs & prevents the sacs from deflating after a breath.Infants that are not making enough surfactant to keep air sacs open so too many will deflate leading to distress.Respiratory assistance is needed until a baby starts making more surfactant. Read more...

What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

RDS. We build lungs in stages like a house. One of the final stages is the production of a soapy material called surfactant that lines the inside of air sacs & prevents the sacs from deflating after a breath.Infants that are not making enough surfactant to keep air sacs open so too many will deflate leading to distress.Respiratory assistance is needed until a baby starts making more surfactant. Read more...

Could you explain what is infant respiratory distress syndrome?

RDS. Is due to immaturity of the lungs at birth. The lungs produce a product called surfactant as they mature, prior to completion of the pregnancy term. When a baby is pre-term, then there may be a lack of adequate surfactant. This is called respiratory distress syndrome. Surfactant helps the lungs to inflate properly so they can exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. It usually improves in days. Read more...

Does respiratory distress syndrome only occur in premature babies or can it happen in older children too?

No. Respiratory distress syndrome (rds) is a term used to describe a specific clinical and radiographic presentation in newborn preterm infants. We now know that rds is due to surfactant deficiency in these infants. While infants and children may develop respiratory distress, the term rds is meant to apply strictly to this newborn condition. Read more...
Common in prematures. It is more common in premature babies due to deficiency of a chemical called surfactant . It may be seen in term babies as complication of other medical condition . Read more...
NB of any gestation. While this is most common in premi newborns it is occasionally seen in full term or post term infants. Infants of diabetic mothers for some reason are more prone to this rare event. Features & treatment is the same. Read more...

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome are the same thing?

Degree of injury. Bpd is likely to occur in infants whose rds was prolonged and whose airway pressures for ventilation were high enough to produce the level of airway injury seen with bpd. The human system has a great capacity to repair itself over time & the bpd kid is the one whose lungs may show abnormalities for several years while the transient rds kid's lung is essentially normal by age 1. Read more...

Are bronchopulmonary dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome one and the same?

No. Infant rds happens minutes to hours after a premature birth, due to lack of surfactant ('lubricant') in baby lungs. Bpd is long-term (weeks to months) damage resulting from rds. Read more...

Can docs please explain are bronchopulmonary dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome the same thing?

No. Respiratory distress syndrome refers to immaturity of the lungs and the resulting constellation of symptoms seen in premature infants. Bronchi pulmonary dysphasia or chronic lung disease is often the end result of severe RDS which required lots of respiratory support and refers to the prolonged need for oxygen or diuretic or bronchodilator therapy to treat these relatively maldeveloped lungs. . Read more...

What are the tests for respiratory distress syndrome in child?

Hx, Px,X ray. Rds is expected in premature infants or infants of diabetic mothers & emerges as increased work of breathing, need for oxygen & suggestive changes on xrays. There is some overlap of neonatal pneumonia, blood poisoning & rds symptoms & xrays so most are treated aggressively for all. Older kids can have a similar problem & the label is used when the pattern, xrays and o2 needs fit the pattern. Read more...

How can you tell if your child will have respiratory distress syndrome?

When it happends. The frequency of respiratory distress tends to increase as the term of pregnancy decreases, reaching about 50% before 36 wks in males. It can occur in term babies, particularly diabetic mothers & I have seen some 30 wk premi's that never had it. Other conditions like lung fluid retention, amniotic fluid aspiration & neonatal pneumonia can have an identical presentation in the newborn period. Read more...